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Dilated cisternae of the ER resembling Russell Bodies (RBs) are induced in light (L) chain producing myeloma cell lines by transfection of a mu heavy (H) chain gene lacking the first constant domain (mu delta CH1). RBs do not appear to be tissue specific, since they are also induced in a rat glioma cell line transfected with mu delta CH1 and L chain genes.(More)
B lymphocytes do not secrete IgM, and plasma cells only secrete IgM polymers. Here we show that both events are attributable to the tailpiece found at the carboxyl terminus of mus chains, and we specifically implicate Cys-575. Thus, if Cys-575 was mutated, IgM was secreted by B cells. Similarly, a mutant IgG containing a mus tailpiece became largely(More)
Dithiothreitol (DTT) blocks the endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-Golgi transport of newly synthesized immunoglobulin (Ig) molecules, whereas 2-mercaptoethanol (2ME) allows secretion of unpolymerized Igs otherwise retained intracellularly by disulphide interchange reactions. To understand this dichotomy, we have compared the effects of DTT and 2ME on the assembly,(More)
Cells have means to ensure that only properly folded and assembled molecules are transported to their final destination, a phenomenon referred to as "quality control" of protein synthesis. Thus, plasma cells secrete only the polymeric form of IgM, retaining and degrading intracellularly assembly intermediates. Due to the failure to polymerize secretory IgM,(More)
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