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Objective: Wallerian degeneration in normal appearing white matter in early relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS), and its correlation with the number of relapses and disease duration. Background Recent pathological studies have demonstrated Wallerian degeneration in normal appearing white matter (NAWM) in multiple sclerosis (MS), in established(More)
BMD has a strong heritable component. Estrogen activity depends on the aromatization of androgenic precursors in nongonadal tissues both in postmenopausal women and men. Therefore, aromatase is an appealing candidate gene to explain, in part, the genetic component of BMD. In fact, an association between aromatase polymorphisms and BMD has been previously(More)
BACKGROUND Down syndrome (DS) is a frequent cause of intellectual disability. With the increasing life expectancy of these patients, concerns have been raised about the risk of osteoporosis. In fact, several investigators have reported a reduced bone mass in DS. However, the results may be confounded by comorbid diseases, and differences in lifestyle habits(More)
OBJECTIVE The aromatization of androgenic precursors in peripheral tissues, including bone, is the main source of estrogens after the menopause. CYP19, the gene encoding aromatase, has a long 5'-untranslated region with several variants of exon I and specific promoters. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible relationship between a common(More)
CONTEXT Osteoporosis has a significant genetic component. The aromatase-dependent conversion of androgenic precursors is the main source of estrogens in postmenopausal women. OBJECTIVE The objective of the investigation was to study the relationship of a set of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the aromatase gene with osteoporosis and determine(More)
The C677T (rs1801133) polymorphism of MTHFR (methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase) has been associated with the risk of cardiovascular events, and also with osteoporosis in some studies. However, the results are controversial. Our objective was to determine the relationship of the polymorphism with osteoporotic fractures by means of a case-control study.(More)
OBJECTIVES The aims of this study were to compare in participants with and without metabolic syndrome (1) bone mineral density (BMD), (2) prevalent vertebral and nonvertebral fractures, and (3) calciotropic hormones and bone turnover markers and to examine the association of each component of metabolic syndrome with bone parameters. METHODS A(More)
Two missense polymorphisms of WNT16 were associated with hip bone mineral density (BMD), the buckling ratio of the femoral neck, calcaneal ultrasound and hip fractures in individuals under 80 years of age. These results confirm the association of the WNT16 gene with bone mass and osteoporotic fractures. Osteoporosis has a strong genetic component. Wnt(More)
No differences in either bone mineral density or serum 25OHD levels have been found between 205 women with fibromyalgia (both pre- and postmenopausal) and their controls. However, a lack of the expected 25OHD summer rise was observed in patients. Contradictory data have been published regarding a possible association between fibromyalgia and osteoporosis or(More)
OBJECTIVE Secreted frizzled-related protein and sclerostin, encoded by FRZB and SOST genes, respectively, are extracellular Wnt inhibitors that tend to decrease bone formation. The purpose of this study was to explore the association of the sets of polymorphisms capturing common variations of these genes with bone mineral density (BMD). METHODS Twelve(More)