C. Valerio

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Stimulation of phosphoinositide (PI) hydrolysis by excitatory amino acids (glutamate and ibotenate) or norepinephrine was potentiated in hippocampal slices from rats trained in an eight-arm radial maze, used as a test of spatial learning. No difference in basal or carbamylcholine-stimulated PI hydrolysis was found between control and trained animals. An(More)
Male rats forced to swim in a cylinder adopted an immobile posture. Immobility was reduced by acetylcarnitine (5, 10, and 20 mg/kg) and by antidepressant drugs, such as desipramine and iproniazid, injected 24, 5, and, again, 1 h prior to behavioral testing. Acetylcarnitine also potentiated the anti-immobility effect of antidepressant drugs in the despair(More)
The pyrimidine nucleosides uridine (URI) and cytidine (CYT), alone or associated with n-acetyl-glutamine (NAG), were injected acutely or subchronically to aged (26 months old) male rats of the Sprague-Dawley strain. Learning and memory abilities of the animals were studied with tests of avoidance behavior. The acquisition of active avoidance behavior was(More)
The behavioral activity of the thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) analogue, L-6-ketopiperidine-2-carbonyl-leucyl-L-prolinamide (RGH 2202), has been studied in animal models of central neurotransmission disruption. In 24-month-old rats, repeated administration of the peptide (5 or 10 mg/kg/day, injected IP for 20 days) was followed by a facilitated(More)
The behavioral activity of the thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) analogue, L-6-ketopiperidine-2- carbonyl-leucyl-L-prolinamide (RGH 2202), has been studied in the rat. The number of errors in a radial maze test was reduced after acute intraperitoneal (IP) injection of RGH 2202 at the dose of 5 or 10 mg/kg. Grooming activity was increased with a lower(More)
A number of experiments were carried out to explore the behavioral profile of a novel antipsychotic, risperidone, after acute or chronic administration, in a dose range of 0.1-10 mg kg-1. This drug did not affect the acquisition and retention of avoidance behaviors in a dose of 0.1 mg kg-1, either after acute or chronic administration. Higher doses induced(More)
Eighteen months old male rats of the Sprague-Dawley strain were subjected to a reversible conductive hearing loss (HL) or a sham operation. A series of behavioral tests performed 3 months after surgery, revealed a sustained deficit in learning and memory capacity and a marked depressive attitude of rats with HL. At this time, a group of these animals were(More)
The phosphatidylcholine precursor, cytidine-diphosphocholine (CDP-choline), was injected intraperitoneally (IP) at the dose of 10 or 20 mg/kg/day for 20 days to 24-month-old male rats of the Sprague-Dawley strain that showed cognitive and motor deficits. The drug was also injected in animals with behavioral alterations induced pharmacologically with a(More)
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a progressive disease with poor survival outcomes. Bosentan is an oral endothelin-1 receptor antagonist (ERA) that has been shown in a large randomized placebo-controlled trial (BREATHE-1) to be effective at improving exercise tolerance in patients with PAH in functional class III and IV. Further studies have been(More)
The phosphorylcholine precursor, L-alpha-glycerylphosphorylcholine (alpha-GPC), was injected at the dose of 100 mg/kg/day for 20 days to aged male rats of the Sprague-Dawley strain, 24 months old, showing a deficit of learning and memory capacity. The drug was also administered to rats with amnesia induced pharmacologically with bilateral injections of(More)