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Transcriptional repression by sequence-specific DNA binding factors is mediated by the recruitment of a corepressor complex to the promoter region. The NK-3 homeodomain protein is a transcriptional repressor that recruits the nuclear protein kinase, homeodomain interacting protein kinase 2 (HIPK2). Here we show that HIPK2 is a component of a corepressor(More)
A novel family of cofactors that differentially interact with homeoproteins have been identified via a yeast two-hybrid screen. The proteins contain a conserved protein kinase domain that is separated from a domain that interacts with homeoproteins and hence are termed homeodomain-interacting protein kinases (HIPKs): HIPK1, HIPK2, and HIPK3. We show that(More)
Although often viewed as a simple pulsating tube, the Drosophila dorsal vessel is intricate in terms of its structure, cell types, and patterns of gene expression. Two nonidentical groups of cardial cells are observed in segments of the heart based on the differential expression of transcriptional regulators. These include sets of four cell pairs that(More)
Posttranslational modifications such as ubiquitination and phosphorylation play an important role in the regulation of cellular protein function. Homeodomain-interacting protein kinase 2 (HIPK2) is a member of the recently identified family of nuclear protein kinases that act as corepressors for homeodomain transcription factors. Here, we show that HIPK2 is(More)
Herbal medicines are increasingly being utilized to treat a wide variety of disease processes. Aqueous extract from the root of Platycodon grandiflorum A. DC (Campanulaceae), Changkil (CK), is reported to have antitumor and immunomodulatory activities; however, the mechanism underlying its therapeutic effect is not known. In the present study we examined(More)
During Drosophila embryogenesis, the homeobox gene tinman is expressed in the dorsal mesoderm where it functions in the specification of precursor cells of the heart, visceral, and dorsal body wall muscles. The GATA factor gene pannier is similarly expressed in the dorsal-most part of the mesoderm where it is required for the formation of the cardial cell(More)
Enantioselective hydrolysis of racemic epichlorohydrin was accomplished for the production of enantiopure epichlorohydrin using the whole cells of an isolated Aspergillus niger spps. To overcome the spontaneous chemical degradation of epichlorohydrin that occurs in aqueous buffer, organic solvents were employed in the reaction medium. The enantioselectivity(More)
In this study, we identified posttranslational regulation of human telomerase reverse-transcriptase (hTERT) by the E3 ligase Hdm2. The telomerase activity generated by exogenous hTERT in U2OS cells was reduced on adriamycin treatment. The overexpressed levels of hTERT were also decreased under the same conditions. These processes were reversed by treatment(More)
In a cell-free expression system derived from Escherichia coli, expression is abruptly ceased after 30 min of incubation while at this time not all the substrates have been utilized in expression. Expression-independent consumption of phosphoenolpyruvate and cysteine was found in this system, which was responsible for the above sudden cessation of(More)
Ursolic acid (UA), a pentacyclic triterpene acid, is reported to have anti-tumor activities; however, the mechanism underlying its anti-tumorigenic effects is poorly understood. To further determine the mechanism of UA, we investigated the effects of UA on the release of nitric oxide (NO) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), and on the level of(More)