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Elastic multiple scattering for low-energy electrons transmitted through aluminum foils has been studied. The probability distribution for the single nuclear scattering was evaluated using the Born approximation and electron densities calculated using the Hartree-Fock approach with the Wigner-Seitz boundary condition. An estimate of the average increase in(More)
The IAEA and the ICRP recommended dose guidance levels for the most frequent computed tomography (CT) examinations to promote strategies for the optimization of radiation dose to CT patients. A national survey, including on-site measurements and questionnaires, was conducted in Taiwan in order to establish dose guidance levels and evaluate effective doses(More)
By using anN-loop shift-register structure called a uniform ladder,N records can be sorted by a simplified adaptation of the odd-even transposition-sort algorithm to finish in (N + 1)/2 loop times (periods) using (N − 1) comparators. The sorting can be overlapped with input/output; the percentage of unoverlapped sorting times is less than 20% of the total(More)
The first 60Co-contaminated rebar building was discovered in Taipei city in 1992. As of 18 July 1997, 144 buildings with 1,327 housing units were confirmed to contain 60Co-contaminated rebars. All these reinforced concrete buildings were constructed between 1982 and 1984. Thousands of residents have been exposed to ionizing radiation of various degrees.(More)
Monte Carlo simulations are used to calculate the relative biological effectiveness (RBE) of 300 MeV u(-1) carbon-ion beams at different depths in a cylindrical water phantom of 10 cm radius and 30 cm long. RBE values for the induction of DNA double strand breaks (DSB), a biological endpoint closely related to cell inactivation, are estimated for(More)
Previously, we have reconstructed cohort dependent individual doses for residents living in rebar buildings of high 60Co contamination. These reconstructions were carried out using intensively collected TLD data on exposure rates at locations of 1 m height and 1 m x 1 m intersections. The present work deals with dose reconstructions for residents living in(More)
In vivo dosimetry was implemented for treatments of head and neck cancers in the large fields. Diode and thermoluminescence dosemeter (TLD) measurements were carried out for the linear accelerators of 6 MV photon beams. ESTRO in vivo dosimetry protocols were followed in the determination of midline doses from measurements of entrance and exit doses. Of the(More)
A statistical model is described and employed to calculate inverse mean free paths and stopping powers for electrons of energies from a few eV to 10 keV above the Fermi level in Al, Si, Ni, Cu, Ag, and Au. Brief tables of mean free paths and stopping powers for these solids are presented. In some cases graphical displays of inverse mean free paths and(More)