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— This paper presents an effective algorithm for selecting cluster heads in mobile ad hoc networks using ant colony optimization. A cluster in an ad hoc network consists of a cluster head and cluster members which are at one hop away from the cluster head. The cluster head allocates the resources to its cluster members. Clustering in MANET is done to reduce(More)
Handwritten character recognition is conversion of handwritten text to machine readable and editable form. Online character recognition deals with live conversion of characters. Malayalam is a language spoken by millions of people in the state of Kerala and the union territories of Lakshadweep and Pondicherry. It is written mostly in clockwise direction and(More)
The applications with different transmission priorities and quality of service (QoS) requirements are supported by IEEE 802.11p standard. It categories the access categories into four priority levels to ensure successful transmission of higher priority traffic compared to lower priority traffic in a vehicle. However, if a nearby vehicle also has the same(More)
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