C. Travis Bowles

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BACKGROUND In patients with severe heart failure, prolonged unloading of the myocardium with the use of a left ventricular assist device has been reported to lead to myocardial recovery in small numbers of patients for varying periods of time. Increasing the frequency and durability of myocardial recovery could reduce or postpone the need for subsequent(More)
BACKGROUND We have previously shown that a specific combination of drug therapy and left ventricular assist device unloading results in significant myocardial recovery, sufficient to allow pump removal, in two thirds of patients with dilated cardiomyopathy receiving a Heartmate I pulsatile device. However, this protocol has not been used with nonpulsatile(More)
OBJECTIVE Rotary axial flow pumps have several potential advantages and disadvantages over pulsatile pumps. The Jarvik 2000 is distinctive in being intracardiac. We report our experience in 22 patients. METHODS The Jarvik 2000 was implanted in 15 men and 7 women. Mean age was 38.8 (range 23-59) years, preoperative diagnosis was dilated cardiomyopathy in(More)
BACKGROUND Longer term quality of life (QOL) outcome in patients who have had a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) explanted due to myocardial recovery (bridge to recovery, BTR) remains uncertain. This study evaluates the QOL of those patients and compares them to bridge-to-transplant (BTT) and transplanted (Tx) patients. METHODS Anonymized QOL Short(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE This study entailed the development of mock circulation models to assess and compare the haemodynamic efficacy of extra-aortic counterpulsation (using trained skeletal muscle wrapped around the proximal descending aorta) and conventional intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation. DESIGN AND EXPERIMENTAL MATERIALS: Hydraulic Windkessel type(More)
Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is associated with blood heparin level fluctuations and a reduction in haematocrit due to crystalloid haemodilution. The effect of these changes on the reliability of the Limulus amoebocyte lysate (LAL) chromogenic microassay for the measurement of plasma endotoxin was assessed in vitro. It was shown that the assay could be(More)
BACKGROUND Significant aortic regurgitation (AR) after continuous-flow left ventricular assist device (cf-LVAD) placement affects device performance and patient outcomes. This study examined the development of AR and long-term results after implantation of cf-LVADs. METHODS The study included all patients with no or less than mild AR who underwent(More)
BACKGROUND Changes in myocardial blood flow (MBF) and coronary flow reserve (CFR) are independent prognostic risk factors in idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). The aim of this study was to assess the impact of left ventricular unloading using left ventricular assist device (LVAD) combination therapy on resting MBF and CFR in patients with end-stage(More)
Gastrointestinal damage occurs in 0.6% to 2% of patients after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), and carries a mortality of 12% to 67%. The incidence of subclinical gastrointestinal damage may be much greater. We examined the effects of nonpulsatile, hypothermic CPB on intestinal absorption and permeability in 41 patients. Bowel mucosal saccharide transport and(More)
BACKGROUND Molecular mechanisms underlying the deterioration of patients undergoing LV assist device (LVAD) implantation remain poorly understood. We studied the cytokines tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and interleukin (IL)-1beta and IL-6 and the terminal stage of the apoptotic pathway in patients with decompensating heart failure who required LVAD(More)