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PURPOSE Patients with anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) gene rearrangements often manifest dramatic responses to crizotinib, a small-molecule ALK inhibitor. Unfortunately, not every patient responds and acquired drug resistance inevitably develops in those who do respond. This study aimed to define molecular mechanisms of resistance to crizotinib in patients(More)
PURPOSE Selecting patients according to key genetic characteristics may help to tailor chemotherapy and optimize the treatment in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Polymorphisms at the xeroderma pigmentosum group D (XPD), excision repair cross-complementing 1 (ERCC1), and cytidine deaminase (CDA) genes have been associated with alterations in enzymatic(More)
Background:Agents targeting programmed death-1 receptor (PD-1) and its ligand (PD-L1) are showing promising results in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). It is unknown whether PD-1/PD-L1 are differently expressed in oncogene-addicted NSCLC.Methods:We analysed a cohort of 125 NSCLC patients, including 56 EGFR mutated, 29 KRAS mutated, 10 ALK translocated(More)
EGFR mutations are strongly predictive of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-tyrosine kinase inhibitor activity in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but resistance mechanisms are not completely understood. The interindividual variability in toxicity also points out to the need of novel pharmacogenetic markers to select patients before therapy.(More)
PURPOSE Dexrazoxane was found effective in reducing doxorubicin cardiotoxicity when given at a dose ratio (dexrazoxane: doxorubicin) of 20:1. Preclinical studies indicated that dexrazoxane at a dose ratio of 10 to 15:1 also protected against epirubicin-induced cardiotoxicity. The main objective of this study was to investigate the efficacy of dexrazoxane,(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate whether cytidine deaminase (CDA) polymorphisms 79A>C and 435C>T and/or CDA enzymatic activity influenced clinical outcome in 126 advanced non-small-cell lung cancer patients treated with gemcitabine-platinum-regimens. PATIENTS AND METHODS CDA polymorphisms and activity were analysed by PCR and(More)
After progression following first-line treatment, many patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) still have a good performance status and can be considered for further treatments. Based on 2 randomized phase III trials, docetaxel was the first approved second-line therapy associated with longer survival and better quality of life compared(More)
This multicenter phase II study evaluated, in chemonaive patients with stage IIIB–IV NSCLC, age ⩾70 and with a performance status 0–2, the activity, efficacy and tolerability of planned sequential administration of gemcitabine 1200 mg m−2 on days 1 and 8 every 3 weeks for three courses followed by three cycles of docetaxel 37.5 mg m−2 on days 1 and 8 every(More)
BACKGROUND The nucleotide excision repair (NER) pathway modulates platinum-based chemotherapeutic efficacy by removing drug-induced DNA damage. METHODS To summarize published data on the association between NER genes and responses to platinum-based chemotherapies in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), we performed a meta-analysis of 17 published studies(More)
This study was aimed at investigating the toxicity and activity of the combination epirubicin and vinorelbine in chemotherapy-naive patients with metastatic breast cancer. Fifty-one patients with measurable or evaluable metastatic breast cancer entered the study. The regimen consisted of epirubicin 90 mg/m2 as a slow i.v. infusion on day 1, followed by(More)