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The unprocessed Gag precursor from HIV-1, when expressed in recombinant baculovirus-infected insect cells, is targeted to the plasma membrane and assembles in 100-120 nm particles budding from the cell surface. This process mimics HIV immature particle formation and is dependent on myristoylation of the N-terminal glycine, as deletion of the latter results(More)
To examine the potential role of the GAG precursor polyprotein in morphogenesis and assembly of the simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV), we have expressed the gag gene of SIVMac using a baculovirus expression vector. Infection of insect cells with recombinant virus containing the entire gag gene results in high expression of the GAG precursor protein,(More)
Mouse mAb reactive to the HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein precursor gp160 of the HTLVIII(B) isolate were characterized in radioimmunoprecipitation and immunoblot tests with the use of HTLVIII(B) isolate as Ag. The reactivities of these mAb were also measured in a capture enzyme immunoassay and in radioimmunoprecipitation assay by using gp160 and gp120 expressed(More)
The induction of immune responses in vivo is typically performed with antigens administered in external adjuvants, like alum, complete Freund's adjuvant, LPS and, more recently, monophosphoryl lipid A (MPL). However, the role of the adjuvant is still poorly defined. The aim of this study was to test whether the MPL affects the function of antigen-presenting(More)
The fusion domain of simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) envelope glycoproteins is a hydrophobic region located at the amino-terminal extremity of the transmembrane protein (gp32). Assuming an alpha helical structure for the SIV fusogenic domain of gp32 in a lipid environment, theoretical studies have predicted that the fusion peptide would insert obliquely(More)
Sera, from HIV-1 and HIV-2 seropositive individuals, were tested for the presence of antibodies able to inhibit the binding (BI) of HIV-IIIB gp 160 (produced in mammalian cells using a vaccinia expression system) to the extracellular portion of the CD4 receptor. A competition enzyme immunoassay (EIA) with soluble CD4 (sCD4) was used. BI antibodies were(More)
Eighteen monoclonal antibodies (MAb) to simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) envelope have been characterized. All MAb were shown to bind to viral antigens on the surface of unfixed SIV-infected cells and to precipitate surface glycoproteins of SIVmac251. In Western blot 11 MAb bound to gp160 and gp120, five bound to gp160 and the transmembrane protein gp41(More)
Ten new monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) to SIV envelope were produced and characterized. Using a panel of 28 MAbs, 10 antibody binding sites on SIV envelope protein were identified. Seven sites were located in gp120 and three in gp41. Five sites in gp120 and two in gp41 were defined by overlapping peptides. The remaining two sites on gp120 and one on gp41 were(More)
Macaques were immunised with lentil lectin purified recombinant SIVmac (BK28) derived gp160 (rgp160) with or without live vaccinia (vac)-env (BK28) priming, followed by a final boost with solid matrix antibody antigen (SMAA)-gp160 (J5) complexes and challenged with the SIVmac molecularly cloned virus J5M. Rgp160 and vac-env plus gp160 induced strong Ab(More)
Recent studies indicate that human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV) gene expression can be dramatically enhanced by certain heterologous viral and chemical agents, implicating these as potential reactivating agents of latent virus infection. A common denominator shared by these agents is their ability to cause stress responses in cells. In an effort to(More)