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The incidences of X-ray induced numerical and structural chromosome anomalies were screened in a range of developmental stages from metaphase II oocytes through to post-implantation embryos. Following 1 Gy of acute X-rays to immediately preovulatory stage oocytes, the rate of hyperploidy (chromosome gain) was found to be elevated over levels in unirradiated(More)
The relative sensitivities of dictyate oocytes from young and old female mice to radiation-induced chromosome damage were examined in 2 separate experiments. Firstly, females were given either 2 or 4 Gy of X-rays and metaphase I stage oocytes collected 16.5 days later. Analysis of these cells showed dose-related increases in chromosome aberrations in both(More)
The chromosome non-disjunction inducing effect of relatively large doses (100-600 cGy) of X-rays to various dictyate oocyte stages has been examined by chromosomal analysis of 1-cell embryos recovered from female mice 3.5-23.5 days after irradiation. Numerical chromosome anomalies, as a result of non-disjunction, occurred in significantly larger proportions(More)
The rates of X-ray induced loss of chromosome 19 in mouse oocytes were investigated in 2 experiments using a genetic complementation test. After 1 Gy of acute X-rays to immediately preovulatory stage oocytes, chromosome 19 loss was estimated to have occurred in 1.68% of cells. In comparison, after 4 Gy of acute X-rays to dictyate stage oocytes, the rate was(More)
Data from studies on radiation- and chemically-induced chromosome aberrations in mouse oocytes have been summarized. An attempt has been made to assess the relative sensitivity to mutagenic agents of female and male germ cells through comparison of observations from mutation studies of female and male mice. No unequivocal evidence of a mutagenic effect(More)
The ability of low doses of X-rays to induce numerical and structural chromosome anomalies in immature oocytes was examined in two experiments. In the first, 10-11-day-old females were given 0.1 or 0.2 Gy of X-rays and sampled at intervals up to 32 weeks later. In the second, 4-5-week-old females were given 0.1 Gy of X-rays and sampled up to 36 weeks(More)
The effects of relatively small doses of X-rays (up to 100 cGy) to immediately preovulatory mouse oocytes have been examined by screening chromosome aberrations at metaphase I. Dose-related responses for the induction of aberrations were found. These were mainly of the quadratic or power-law types, and therefore similar in nature to the dose-responses(More)
Radiation-induced chromosome non-disjunction has been investigated in young and old female mice. Chromosome numbers were screened in maternal and paternal pronuclei of 1-cell embryos. To avoid bias due to preparatory artefacts, only the numbers of hyperploid pronuclei were used as measures of chromosome non-disjunction. Spontaneous non-disjunction occurred(More)
Analysis of a radiation-induced minichromosome using classical cytogenetic techniques and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) has shown this element to be composed primarily, if not entirely, of repeat sequence DNAs that are common to the ends of all chromosomes in the mouse genome. This novel chromosome has been used to examine further the role of(More)