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A new algorithm for interpolating the missing data between two adjacent medical images is presented. Our method is useful for solving the interpolation of any region-represented images of an object to be reconstructed, even when the object is stretched abruptly, branched or hollow, as often occurs in medical images, which cases can not be handled well by(More)
This paper demonstrates a fuzzy Hopfield neural network for segmenting multispectral MR brain images. The proposed approach is a new unsupervised 2-D Hopfield neural network based upon the fuzzy clustering technique. Its implementation consists of the combination of 2-D Hopfield neural network and fuzzy c-means clustering algorithm in order to make parallel(More)
Segmentation (tissue classification) of the medical images obtained from Magnetic resonance (MR) images is a primary step in most applications of computer vision to medical image analysis. This paper describes a penalized fuzzy competitive learning network designed to segment multispectral MR spin echo images. The proposed approach is a new unsupervised and(More)
Interactions between platelets and fibrin are important in hemostasis but often confused with platelet-fibrinogen interactions. A stirred mixture of solubilized fibrin and washed platelets at neutral pH range showed drastic reduction in turbidity and concomitant platelet adhesion onto newly formed fibrin strands. This platelet-fibrin interaction did not(More)
Over the past few years, very little has been done in the area of 3-D reconstruction of the bile duct. Since the system in use for 3-D visualization of the biliary tree is built by surgical or autopsy materials, it generally cannot be applied to clinical diagnosis. In this paper, an algorithm for three-dimensional reconstruction of the biliary tree from two(More)
Advances in antiviral therapy have dramatically shifted the demographics of pediatric human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection in the developed world, and a growing proportion of perinatally HIV-1-infected children are now entering their second or even third decade of life. Although cellular immune responses to HIV are known to be weak in early(More)
Invasive pneumococcal infection (IPI) is the most common serious bacterial infection in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected children. Data from a population-based pediatric HIV surveillance project were used to determine the incidence of IPI in HIV-infected children and to conduct a case-control study assessing potential risk factors for IPI in(More)
With one or two switches, Morse code could provide an effective alternative communication channel for individuals with physical limitations. However, most of the physically disabled persons have difficulties in maintaining a stable typing of Morse code, and hence the automated recognition of unstable Morse code is becoming more on demand. In this study, an(More)
Registration of coronary arterial images taken at different times is very important for obtaining better visibility of differences between sequential images. A typical image registration algorithm often employs a similarity measure to detect the differences generated from the relative motion or gray level changes between these images. Although a number of(More)
BACKGROUND There is limited information involving population data about the role of maternal health, fetal growth and neonatal health on children's developmental status at ages 4-7 years. Our aim was to determine the contribution of maternal, fetal and neonatal health to developmental status at ages 4-7 years. METHODS In this 7-year follow-up prospective(More)