C T M J Frijters

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Recently discovered microorganisms affiliated to the bacterial phylum NC10, named “Candidatus Methylomirabilis oxyfera”, perform nitrite-dependent anaerobic methane oxidation. These microorganisms could be important players in a novel way of anaerobic wastewater treatment where ammonium and residual dissolved methane might be removed at the expense of(More)
Thermophilic propionate-oxidizing, proton-reducing bacteria were enriched from the granular methanogenic sludge of a bench-scale upflow anaerobic sludge bed reactor operated at 55 degrees C with a mixture of volatile fatty acids as feed. Thermophilic hydrogenotrophic methanogens had a high decay rate. Therefore, stable, thermophilic propionate-oxidizing(More)
Mice in which the gene for mdr2 P-glycoprotein has been disrupted have a severe deficiency in biliary phospholipid and cholesterol secretion. We studied the relation between mdr2 gene expression and biliary lipid secretion with emphasis on the role of bile salt hydrophobicity. Control mice (+/+), and mice with a homozygous (-/-) or heterozygous (+/-)(More)
The wastewater originating from the bleaching and dyeing processes in the textile factory Ten Cate Protect in Nijverdal (the Netherlands) was successfully treated in a sequential anaerobic/aerobic system. In the system, a combination of an anaerobic 70-m3 fluidized bed reactor and a 450-m3 aerobic basin with integrated tilted plate settlers, 80-95% of the(More)
Cholestasis is associated with hypercholesterolemia and appearance of the abnormal lipoprotein X (LpX) in plasma. Using mice with a disrupted Mdr2 gene, we tested the hypothesis that LpX originates as a biliary lipid vesicle. Mdr2-deficient mice lack Mdr2 P-glycoprotein, the canalicular translocator for phosphatidylcholine, and secrete virtually no(More)
Rats received repeated oral treatment with different doses of hexachlorobenzene (HCB) (0-3.5 mmol/kg) for 2 or 4 weeks. Measurements of thyroid hormone status after 2 weeks showed a dose-dependent decrease of total thyroxine (TT4) levels, decreased free thyroxine (FT4) levels and little change of total triiodothyronine (TT3) levels. The effects on thyroid(More)
Class III P-glycoproteins (Pgps) mediate biliary phosphatidylcholine (PC) secretion. Recent findings that class I P-glycoproteins are able to transport several short-chain phospholipid analogues raises questions about the role of these Pgps in physiological lipid transport. We investigated the biliary secretion of C6-7-nitro-2,1, 3-benzoxadiazol-4-yl(More)
The airlift reactor technology has been successfully applied at full scale for both COD and nitrogen removal. In this study, the results of the biofilm development and biological performance of two full scale reactors are discussed. At Paulaner Brewery in Munich, the airlift reactor was applied for COD and ammonia removal of anaerobically treated(More)
The phosphatidyl translocating activity of the mdr2 P-glycoprotein (Pgp) in the canalicular membrane of the mouse hepatocyte is a rate-controlling step in the biliary secretion of phospholipid. Since bile salts also regulate the secretion of biliary lipids, we investigated the influence of the type of bile salt in the circulation on mdr2 Pgp expression and(More)
The paper discusses conversion capacities of both anaerobic and aerobic wastewater treatment systems in relation to growth kinetics, hydrodynamics and biomass concentration. In the current modern anaerobic high-rate reactors the conversion potentials are optimally exploited. This is not yet true for aerobic systems since operation of aerobic systems under(More)