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Sequences representing approximately 1,700 base pairs of the 18S rRNA gene from 10 different species in the genus Myxobolus were found to group them into 3 clusters that showed little correlation with spore morphology and size or host specificity, criteria currently used for both higher and lower taxonomic placements in the Myxozoa. Of the phenotypic(More)
Actinosporean infection of the oligochaete fauna living in the mud and on the vegetation of fish ponds used for rearing common carp in polyculture was studied during a one-year survey at a fish farm in Hungary, located south of Budapest. Twenty-eight actinospore types were isolated from the oligochaetes Tubifex tubifex, Branchiura a sowerbyi, Limnodrilus(More)
During a survey on fishes from the River Danube, the occurrence of 8 Myxobolus species (Myxozoa: Myxobolidae) was registered in chub Leuciscus cephalus L. Most species had a specific location within the fish host. M. cycloides was found in the wall of the swimbladder; the branched plasmodia of M. dujardini were located typically in the epithelium of the(More)
The development of Myxobolus pseudodispar Gorbunova, 1936, an intracellular myxosporean muscle parasite of the roach Rutilus rutilus L., was studied in experimentally infected oligochaetes. In one experiment, uninfected Tubifex tubifex Müller and Limnodrilus hoffmeisteri (Claparéde) were exposed to mature spores of M. pseudodispar. Triactinomyxon spores(More)
In the framework of a one-year survey, the actinosporean infection of the oligochaete fauna living in the mud and on the vegetation of Lake Balaton, Hungary was studied. A total of 10 types of actinospores were isolated from the oligochaetes Tubifex tubifex and Limnodrilus hoffmeisteri collected during the survey, which could be classified into the(More)
Myxobolus rotundus Nemeczek, 1911 is a common and specific parasite of the common bream Abramis brama (L.). Small, round or ellipsoidal shaped plasmodia of this species develop in the gill and exhibit strong histotropism to the secondary gill lamellae with plasmodial development in their capillary network. M. rotundus is frequently found in mixed infection(More)
The life cycle of Myxobolus rotundus Nemeczek, 1911, a myxosporean parasite of the gills of common bream Abramis brama L., was studied under laboratory conditions. Mature Myxobolus spp. spores from plasmodia in the gills of wild bream were used to infect naïve oligochaete worms in a flow-through system of aquaria. Triactinomyxon-type actinospores were(More)
Myxobolus balatonicus n. sp. was detected in the gill filaments of the common carp Cyprinus carpio L. collected in Lake Balaton, Hungary. Its oval plasmodia measuring 600–800 × 300–400 µm were located intravasally in the filamental arteries. The spores measured 11.2 ± 0.92 × 9.5 ± 0.41 × 7.4 ± 0.33 µm and had two equal polar capsules with six filamental(More)
The development of Myxobolus macrocapsularis Reuss, 1906, a myxosporean parasite of the gills of common bream Abramis brama L., was studied in experimentally infected oligochaetes. In 3 experiments uninfected Tubifex tubifex Muller and Limnodrilus hoffmeisteri (Claparéde) were exposed to mature myxospores of M. macrocapsularis. In all experiments, typical(More)
The morphology of Zschokkella mugilis Sitjà-Bobadilla and Alvarez-Pellitero, 1993 (Myxosporea, Bivalvulida) in Nereis diversicolor O. F. Müller, 1776 is described for the first time. The molecular data show that the actinospore has 100% similarity to the myxospore of Z. mugilis. Fully mature actinospores are tri-radiate, the spore body has a small process,(More)