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The mammary carcinogenic effect in rats of low-dose fission radiation and its dependency on prolactin were studied. A total of 141 female W/Fu rats were exposed to 4.8, 8.9, or 19.5 rads of fission radiation that had both fision neutrons of 2.0 million electron volts (MeV) and gamma ray components similar to those produced by the Hiroshima bomb. Only 1 of(More)
The plasma concentrations of prolactin (PRL) and estradiol, time spent nesting, consumption of feed and water, body weight, and hematocrit were measured during egg laying, incubating, and brooding of the chicks in a Japanese strain of dwarf bantam hen, Chabo. Plasma levels of PRL increased before incubation, were maintained at high levels during incubation,(More)
17 beta-Estradiol [(E2) CAS: 50-28-2; estradiol] and diethylstilbestrol [(DES) CAS: 56-53-1; alpha-alpha'-diethyl-4,4'-stilbenediol] were compared to determine their tumor-inducing abilities in tissue. After castration at 40 days of age, inbred male WF rats received a pellet of either 5.0 mg DES or 5.0 mg E2. Approximately half of the rats that had been(More)
Inbred male WF rats were castrated at 40 days of age and divided into 5 groups. Group I was given no further treatment. Groups III, IV, and V received pellet implants of 5.0 mg diethylstilbestrol (DES) concurrently with castration. At 50-55 days of age, groups II, IV, and V were given drinking water containing 5.0 mg N-nitrosobutylurea (NBU) per day for 30(More)
Castrated male WF rats, given implants of pellets containing 5.0 mg diethylstilbestrol (DES), were given N-butyl-N-nitrosourea (NBU) in small amounts, which alone produced no mammary tumors in intact female rats. Treatment resulted in the high yield of hepatic tumors (HT), mammary tumors (MT), and pituitary tumors (PT) concurrently in each rat. If animals(More)
Influence of sex steroids on the growth of an azaserine-induced transplantable rat pancreatic carcinoma, DSL-2, was studied. This established transplantable tumor has been maintained in syngeneic rats. Inbred male Lewis rats were pretreated with castration and s.c. implantation of 1.0-mg 17 beta-estradiol (CAS: 50-28-2; estradiol) pellets at 7 weeks of age.(More)
The incidence of spontaneous and induced neoplasms of the exocrine pancreas in rats is higher in males than in females. Castration, ovariectomy, and hormone replacement with estradiol and testosterone have been shown to influence the growth of carcinogen-induced preneoplastic foci in the azaserine-rat model of pancreatic carcinogenesis. Similar hormonal(More)
Effects of sex steroids on pancreatic carcinogenesis during the early stage were studied in azaserine-treated rats of both sexes. Fischer rats were given weekly i.p. injections of azaserine (30 mg/kg) [CAS:115-02; diazoacetate serine(ester)] at 2 and 3 weeks of age and were divided into six groups. Castration, ovariectomy, and s.c. implantations of either a(More)
Inbred male W/Fu rats were castrated at 40 days of age (24) and divided into five groups. Group I was given no further treatment. Groups II, IV, and V received pellet implants of 5.0 mg diethylstilbestrol (DES) concurrently with the castration. At 50 to 55 days of age, Groups II, IV, and V were given drinking water containing 5.0 mg N-nitrosobutylurea(More)
The purpose of this study was to clarify whether occlusal hypofunction and its recovery affect the structure of the periodontal ligament (PDL) and expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) in rats. Forty-eight Wistar rats aged 5 weeks were used and randomly divided into three groups: the hypofunctional(More)