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OBJECTIVE The cause of hyperintense magnetic resonance changes and reduced apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) in specific brain regions of patients with Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is unknown. Our aim was to determine the neuropathologic correlates of antemortem water ADC and normalized T2-weighted changes in patients with CJD. METHOD Ten patients(More)
Gabapentin (1-50 mg/kg, intraperitoneally (i.p.)) was able to antagonize audiogenic seizures in Dilute Brown Agouti DBA2J (DBA/2) mice in a dose-dependent manner. Gabapentin at dose of 2.5 mg/kg i.p., which per se did not significantly affect the occurrence of audiogenic seizures in DBA/2 mice, potentiated the anticonvulsant activity of carbamazepine,(More)
The effects of the selective delta opioid receptor agonist, ala-deltorphin, microinfused into the dorsal hippocampus or into the locus coeruleus, on the electrocorticographic (ECoG) activity continuously quantified in its spectrum were studied in rats. The microinjection into the dorsal hippocampus of ala-deltorphin (0.03, 0.3 and 1.0 nmol) produced(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Patients undergoing cardiac surgery frequently have pancreatic damage; several factors, including tissue hypoperfusion, have been implicated. The aim of this study is to better understand the effects of decreased blood supply on human pancreas. METHODS Twenty-one consecutive patients undergoing surgery for thoracic or thoracoabdominal(More)
The aim of this study was to detect the best test lung function to identify abnormalities in asthmatic children while asymptomatic. We studied 200 asthmatic children. Patients were evaluated by questionnaire to evaluate the presence of symptoms and drug consumption in the previous 3 months. Allergological evaluation by skin-prick tests and seric-specific(More)
The role of excitatory amino acid receptors in the genesis of motor and electrocortical seizures, elicited by administration of the polyamine putrescine into the deep prepiriform cortex, has been evaluated in rats. Motor and electrocortical seizures occurred in rats receiving unilateral local injections into the deep prepiriform cortex, of putrescine (10 or(More)
The efficacy of SSRIs in relapse prevention in major depression has been extensively demonstrated. Considering published data, the relapse rate during a psychopharmacological continuation treatment ranges from 10% to 30%. Since the reasons of depressive relapses could be heterogeneous, we have tested the effect of clinical, psychosocial and genetic(More)
Fifty-seven highly recurrent unipolar patients, excluded from previous long-term studies with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) after they experienced a new recurrence, were acutely treated with the full dosage of the SSRIs they were on. Fifty-one of them (89.5%) had a sustained response and entered into the 4-month continuation therapy.(More)
Therapy decision is one of the most important tasks clinicians have to perform in their clinical practice. The decision process requires taking into account many different factors. The Authors have proposed a neural computing approach for supporting clinical decision analysis. The mathematical model of artificial neural network (ANN) has been applied on a(More)
Controlled trials in clinical psychopharmacology may fail to provide reliable information about the benefit of treatment for the patient when considered in a real-life setting rather than as a part of a well-defined sampling procedure. Previously, we applied the mathematical model of an artificial neural network (ANN) to a pool of clinical information(More)