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Query formulation and reformulation is recognized as one of the most difficult tasks that users in information retrieval systems are asked to perform. This study investigated the use of two different techniques for supporting query reformulation in interactive information retrieval: relevance feedback and Local Context Analysis, both implemented as(More)
BACKGROUND In April 2009, a novel influenza A, subtype H1N1, now referred to as the Pandemic (H1N1) 2009 virus (pH1N1), began circulating in countries around the world. Describing the transmission characteristics of this novel influenza A virus is important to predict current, and future, disease spread. The Public Health response to the first wave of pH1N1(More)
We report on the progressive investigation of techniques for supporting interactive query reformulation in the TREC Interactive Track task. Two major issues were explored over four successive years: various methods of term suggestion; and, interface design to support different system functionalities. Each year's results led to the following year's(More)
BACKGROUND The collection of individual-level pandemic (H1N1) 2009 influenza immunization data was considered important to facilitate optimal vaccine delivery and accurate assessment of vaccine coverage. These data are also critical for research aimed at evaluating the new vaccine's safety and effectiveness. Systems used to collect immunization data include(More)
The goal of the Rutgers TREC-6 Interactive Track study was to compare the performance and usability of a system offering positive relevance feedback with one offering positive and negative relevance feedback. Our hypothesis was that the latter system would better support the aspect identification task than the former. Although aspectual recall was higher(More)
During the pandemic (H1N1) 2009 vaccination campaign, vaccine providers collected immunization data using hybrid (paper-based and electronic methods) and electronic data systems. We measured staff time in seconds spent on data collection tasks to compare system efficiencies. The sample consisted of 38 organizations across nine Canadian(More)
We present results of a study comparing two different interactive information retrieval systems: one which supports positive relevance feedback as a term-suggestion device; the other which supports both positive and negative relevance feedback in this same context. The purpose of the study was to investigate the effectiveness and usability of a specific(More)
BACKGROUND Immunization information systems (IISs) are electronic registries used to monitor individual vaccination status and assess vaccine coverage. IISs are currently not widely used across Canada, where health jurisdictions employ a range of approaches to capture influenza immunization information. Conducted in advance of the 2009 H1N1 vaccination(More)
We compared two different interfaces to the InQuery IR system with respect to their support for the TREC-9 Interactive Track Question-Answering task. One interface presented search results as a ranked list of document titles (displayed ten at one time), with the text of one document (the first, or any selected one) displayed in a scrollable window. The(More)
OBJECTIVES A critical component of the 2009 H1N1 vaccination campaign was the collection of immunization data at the point of care. To meet reporting requirements and to ensure timely availability of coverage information, many jurisdictions across Canada employed new or modified approaches to vaccine data collection. The objective of this study was to(More)