C Shad Thaxton

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The recently developed ultrasensitive bio-barcode assay was used to measure the concentration of amyloid-beta-derived diffusible ligands (ADDLs), a potential soluble pathogenic Alzheimer's disease (AD) marker, in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of 30 individuals. ADDL concentrations for the subjects diagnosed with AD were consistently higher than the levels(More)
An ultrasensitive method for detecting protein analytes has been developed. The system relies on magnetic microparticle probes with antibodies that specifically bind a target of interest [prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in this case] and nanoparticle probes that are encoded with DNA that is unique to the protein target of interest and antibodies that can(More)
We describe the use of gold nanoparticle-oligonucleotide complexes as intracellular gene regulation agents for the control of protein expression in cells. These oligonucleotide-modified nanoparticles have affinity constants for complementary nucleic acids that are higher than their unmodified oligonucleotide counterparts, are less susceptible to degradation(More)
New therapies that challenge existing paradigms are needed for the treatment of cancer. We report a nanoparticle-enabled therapeutic approach to B-cell lymphoma using synthetic high density lipoprotein nanoparticles (HDL-NPs). HDL-NPs are synthesized using a gold nanoparticle template to control conjugate size and ensure a spherical shape. Like natural(More)
We report the development of a previously undescribed gold nanoparticle bio-barcode assay probe for the detection of prostate specific antigen (PSA) at 330 fg/mL, automation of the assay, and the results of a clinical pilot study designed to assess the ability of the assay to detect PSA in the serum of 18 men who have undergone radical prostatectomy for(More)
The recently developed bio-bar-code assay for the PCR-less detection of protein and nucleic acid targets has been shown to be extraordinarily sensitive, exhibiting low attomolar sensitivity for protein targets and high zeptomolar sensitivity for nucleic acid targets. In the case of DNA detection, the original assay relies on three distinct oligonucleotide(More)
BACKGROUND Advances in nanoscience are having a significant impact on many scientific fields and are resulting in the development of a variety of important technologies. This impact is particularly large in the field of biodiagnostics, where a number of nanoparticle-based assays have been introduced for biomolecular detection, with DNA- or(More)
Exosomes are nanoscale vesicles that mediate intercellular communication. Cellular exosome uptake mechanisms are not well defined partly due to the lack of specific inhibitors of this complex cellular process. Exosome uptake depends on cholesterol-rich membrane microdomains called lipid rafts, and can be blocked by non-specific depletion of plasma membrane(More)
PURPOSE Accurate prediction of shock wave lithotripsy success for given patient and radiographic parameters will lead to improved selection of patients for shock wave lithotripsy vs more invasive treatment. In this study we determined which radiographic parameters are the most predictive of shock wave lithotripsy success, and present a method to incorporate(More)