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Antiinflammatory therapy has been shown to reduce the adverse pathophysiological consequences that occur in bacterial meningitis and to improve outcome from disease. In the present study, modulation of two principal steps of the meningeal inflammatory cascade was accomplished by concomitant administration of dexamethasone to diminish overproduction of(More)
Measurement of leukotriene E4 (LTE4) in urine is a noninvasive method for assessing changes in the rate of total body cysteinyl leukotriene production. Eosinophil protein X (EPX) has been used to assess eosinophil activity and monitor inflammation in bronchial asthma. The aim of the study was to look for differences in urinary LTE4 and EPX concentrations(More)
To assess the effects of antifungal therapy on the course of Candida albicans central nervous system infection and inflammation, we inoculated intracisternally 10(5) CFU of C. albicans into rabbits. Fluconazole (10 mg/kg of body weight) or amphotericin B (1 mg/kg) was infused intravenously daily for 14 days. Treatment was initiated 24 h or 5 days after(More)
A total of 75 central venous catheters were used for prolonged chemotherapy in 39 children with acute lymphocytic leukemia and 21 patients with acute myelocytic leukemia. Infection rates were 2.2 per 100 catheter days with the use of cuffed, tunneled, single-lumen Silastic catheters, 2.0 per 1000 catheter days with cuffed, tunneled, double-lumen Silastic(More)
This study was done to analyze the epidemiology of invasive Haemophilus influenzae disease in Bochum city area. Forty-eight children with invasive Haemophilus influenzae infections were treated at the University Children's Hospital in Bochum during the study period from January 1971 to June 1992. Clinical manifestations included meningitis (n = 34),(More)
The role of cytokines in the regulation of articular inflammation and cartilage degradation was evaluated in the rabbit model of Haemophilus influenzae type b arthritis. At 6 and 12 h after intraarticular infection, treatment with IB4 monoclonal antibody to the CD18 leukocyte receptor alone or in combination with dexamethasone resulted in significant(More)
BASIC REMARKS In contrast to female adolescents, anorexia nervosa is rarely seen in male adolescents. In consequence, more comprehensive investigations are often carried out in the latter in a search of organic disease. CASE A boy of thirteen-and-a-half years was referred for investigation of anorexia, loss of weight, constipation, loss of concentration(More)