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During the last ten years, several groups, including the present authors, have detected growth factor activities in various ocular tissues, and the presence of a ubiquitous Eye-Derived Growth Factor (EDGF) has been described. More recently, isolation and characterization of this growth factor activity from the retina led to the identification of two(More)
Polyethylene glycol (PEG) and dextran were covalently coupled, or only adsorbed, to the surface of three kinds of inorganic particles in order to shield their surface and reduce their nonspecific binding to red blood cells. Surface modification as well as interaction of particles with red blood cells was followed up by particle electrophoresis. This allowed(More)
Colloidal aqueous suspension of superparamagnetic nanoparticles (9 nm in diameter) composed of maghemite (gamma Fe2O3) and forming an ionic ferrofluid in aqueous solution are covalently coupled with lectins, enzymes or antibodies, using specific thiol chemistry. The surface charge modifications of nanoparticles, caused by ligand coupling, were monitored by(More)
In the present study, magnetic resonance (MR) and light microscopy (LM) were used to investigate in vitro effects of dextran-coated magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) on mouse Raw cells. LM showed the increasing internalization and metabolization of MNPs. MR allowed determination of fundamental parameters, such as the MNP internalization half-life(More)
Red blood cells (RBC) from 24 Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients, 18 age- and sex-matched nondemented (ND) patients, hospitalized in the same facility for orthopedic problems, and 18 healthy volunteers aged 30-52 years were studied in order to gain insight into the nature of RBC membrane modifications in AD. Significant differences were found between RBC(More)
The asymmetric transbilayer distribution of phospholipids in the plasma membrane and the regulation of phosphatidylserine (PS) exposure at the cell surface of animal cells are of high physiological significance. It has been shown previously that annexin V is one of the most sensitive tools with which the presence of small amounts of PS on the outer surface(More)
Several Plasmodium falciparum genes encoding cdc2-related protein kinases have been identified, but the modalities of their regulation remains largely unexplored. In the present study, we investigated the regulation in vitro of PfPK5, a putative homologue of Cdk1 (cdc2) in P. falciparum. We show that (i) PfPK5 is efficiently activated by heterologous(More)
Recombinant human annexin V was bound covalently to 9 nm maghemite (gamma Fe2O3) nanoparticles, yielding annexin-ferrofluid (AnxFF), and used to separate annexin-bound red blood cells (RBC) in a magnetic field and estimate their percentage in various bloods. Annexin binding in normal human RBC increased proportionately with storage from 8% on day 2 to 42%(More)
This study concerns the effect of a 12-day cyclosporin A (CsA) treatment (50 mg per kg per day) on "autoimmune" diabetes induced by 5 low doses (40 mg per kg per day) of streptozotocin (SZ). The SZ-treatment period was initiated 4 days after initial administration of CsA. In young (45-day) CD-1 male mice, CsA enhanced hyperglycemia, hypoinsulinemia and(More)
Cerebral malaria-susceptible (C57BL/6) mice infected with Plasmodium berghei ANKA (PbA) developed low parasitemia and died from typical neurological symptoms between 8 to 10 days after infection. In contrast, nonsusceptible (BALB/c) mice developed high peripheral blood parasitemia and died 22-24 days later without neurological implications. Daily injections(More)