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Expansion of a polyglutamine sequence in the N terminus of huntingtin is the gain-of-function event that causes Huntington's disease. This mutation affects primarily the medium-size spiny neurons of the striatum. Huntingtin is expressed in many neuronal and non-neuronal cell types, implying a more general function for the wild-type protein. Here we report(More)
Broad spectrum caspase inhibitors have been found to reduce neurodegeneration caused by cerebral ischemia. We studied whether blockade of group I caspases, mainly caspase-1, using the inhibitor Ac-YVAD.cmk reduced infarct volume and produced prolonged neuroprotection. Ac-YVAD.cmk (300 ng/rat) was injected intracerebroventricularly 10 min after permanent(More)
A short-term exposure to tert-butylhydroperoxide (tB-OOH) promoted a concentration-dependent formation of DNA single-strand breaks in PC12 cells. These events were paralleled by an increase in the cytosolic concentration of Ca2+ that was in part cleared by the mitochondria. Unlike the extent of Ca2+ mobilization and/or mitochondrial Ca2+ clearance, the DNA(More)
Increased titers of IgM anti-GM1 antibodies are present in some patients with Lower Motor Neuron Disease (LMND) or Motor Neuropathy (MN), but their pathogenic role and the mechanism of action are unclear. Previous studies have shown that the B subunit of Cholera Toxin (CT), which binds and crosslinks ganglioside GM1, modulate intracellular calcium in murine(More)
The results presented in this study indicate that the toxic response brought about by increasing concentrations of tert-butylhydroperoxide in CHP100 cells was mitigated significantly by exogenously added nitric oxide donors via a cyclic GMP-independent mechanism. In contrast with these results, endogenous nitric oxide generated by the Ca2+-mobilizing agent(More)
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