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This case report describes delivery of atrial therapies during a sinus tachycardia in a new dual chamber implantable cardioverter defibrillator inappropriately caused by far-field oversensing of ventricular beats in the atrial channel. Upon classification of the PR interval pattern, the rate criterion for an atrial tachycardia was fulfilled, and the device(More)
AIM Epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitor (EGFRI) induced skin toxicity has a prognostic value suggesting skin toxicity can be a useful surrogate marker for successful epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibition, improved response and survival. But the pathophysiology of EGFRI induced skin toxicity remains elusive. However the involvement of(More)
Surgery on the lateral skull base puts delicate structures at risk. To support the surgeon in identifying and protecting the risk structures the principle of Navigated Control (NC) can be used for preventing iatrogenic injuries. In this paper the application of Navigated Control for surgery on the lateral skull base was investigated for the first time in(More)
Polymorphism RS7903146 in transcription factor 7-like2 gene ( TCF7L2) is associated with type 2-diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in adults. Concerned with predisposition for diabetes mellitus in obese children, we tested if risk genotypes TC and TT of rs7903146 are more common in obese children with increased homeostasis model assessment insulin resistance index(More)
INTRODUCTION Inappropriate discharges of an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) are troublesome to the patient and sometimes a difficult task for the physician trying to identify and treat the cause. METHODS AND RESULTS For the first time, we report a mechanism of inappropriate ICD discharges during episodes of atrial flutter with a slow(More)
AIM The aim of this study was to investigate if biomarkers of individual drug metabolism, respectively, the erlotinib/O-desmethyl-erlotinib metabolic ratio, may be a predictive factor for the severity of erlotinib-mediated skin rash in epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitor-treated patients suffering from epithelial cancers. This is especially(More)
AIM The identification of antidepressant drugs (ADs) response biomarkers in depression is of high clinical importance. We explored CHL1 and ITGB3 expression as tentative response biomarkers. MATERIALS & METHODS In vitro sensitivity to ADs, as well as gene expression and genetic variants of the candidate genes CHL1, ITGB3 and SLC6A4 were measured in(More)
Die Pharmakogenetik ist ein wichtiger Baustein in der Individualisierung von Therapien. Eine pharmakogenetische Diagnostik findet jedoch bislang noch wenig Anwendung in der medizinischen Praxis. Eine konsequente Berücksichtigung individueller Patientenfaktoren in der Arzneimitteltherapie kann helfen, diese sicherer und effektiver zu gestalten. Es wird ein(More)
AIM To identify genomic variants in the EGFR pathway and in cytokines predisposing to skin toxicity from EGFR inhibitors. PATIENTS & METHODS In 126 patients with cancer and EGFR inhibitor therapy skin toxicity was quantified and EGFR and inflammatory pathway genes were analyzed by deep sequencing. RESULTS We found 1437 SNPs in the 382-kb target region.(More)
1 Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices (BfArM), Research Division, Bonn, 2 Institute of Pharmacology of Natural Products and Clinical Pharmacology, 3 Department of Internal Medicine II, University of Ulm, Ulm, 4 Pneumology, Thoracic Oncology, Sleep- and Respiratory Critical Care Medicine, Clinics Kempten-Oberallgäu, Kempten, and 5 Department of(More)