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Postoperative cholangitis is a frequent and unpredictable complication of unknown etiology following bile duct reconstruction (BDR), particularly for biliary atresia. This study was undertaken to correlate the growth of bacteria in the hepaticojejunostomy with that in the liver after BDR. Quantitative bacterial culture was done on the specimens taken from(More)
Two different implementations of general semaphores in terms of binary semaphores have been presented in recent issues of Operating Systems Review by Hemmendinger[1] and by Keams [2]. Both implementations use an integer to simulate a general semaphore. The integer and other data shared by the P and V operations are protected in critical sections guarded by(More)
OBJECTIVE To present endoscopic T-2 sympathectomy as a minimally invasive therapy for craniofacial hyperhidrosis (CH). DESIGN Follow-up study of 30 patients with CH treated by the new method in a 4-year period. The duration of follow-up was from 8 to 44 months (mean, 15 months). SETTING University hospital. PATIENTS Thirty consecutive patients with CH(More)
Palmar hyperhidrosis (PH) is a common disorder in Taiwan. It often causes social embarrassment and occupational handicaps. So far, there has been no satisfactory treatment for PH. In 1990, we first developed a minimally invasive technique: video endoscopic sympathectomy to treat PH. The procedure has subsequently proven to be a standard treatment for PH. In(More)
Chest radiography, CT, and MR imaging were performed in a 3-year-old girl who had posterior mediastinal fibromatosis with transforaminal intraspinal and chest wall extension. Chest radiographs and CT scans showed a slow-growing, noncalcified but locally aggressive left paravertebral mass. The mass was slightly hyperintense relative to muscle on both(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the effects of intra-articular injection of magnesium sulfate (MgSO(4)) on the development of osteoarthritis (OA) and to examine concomitant changes in the nociceptive behavior of rats. METHODS OA was induced in Wistar rats with intra-articular injection of collagenase (500 U) in the right knee; the left knee was left untreated. In the(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Postoperative cholangitis is one of the most common complications after bile duct reconstruction. The pathogenesis and early consequences of ascending cholangitis still are unidentified. METHODS Male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 5 treatment groups: control (n = 4), blood sampling and liver biopsy only; group I, [BDL/Eschericha(More)
The high incidence of postoperative cholangitis in children with clinical restoration of bile flow after Roux-Y choledochojejunostomy (RYCJ) assumed the concept of a direct ascending cholangitis caused by pathogens in the intestine, into the intrahepatic bile duct via the porta hepatis. It is also well known that jaundiced animals (patients) are more(More)