Learn More
DMSO is an amphipathic molecule with a highly polar domain and two apolar methyl groups, making it soluble in both aqueous and organic media. It is one of the most common solvents for the in vivo administration of several water-insoluble substances. Despite being frequently used as a solvent in biological studies and as a vehicle for drug therapy, the(More)
In the sixties and seventies, erythrocytes or red blood cells (RBCs) were extensively studied. Much has been learnt particularly concerning their metabolism and gas transporter function.In the past decade, the use of new approaches and methodologies, such as proteomic analysis, has contributed for a renewed interest on the erythrocyte. Recent studies have(More)
The interactions between membrane, peripheral and cytoskeleton proteins are responsible for the maintenance of erythrocyte deformability (EEI) and some of these interactions are modulated by PKC activity. Protein band 3 of the erythrocyte membrane is phosphorylated by phosphotyrosine kinases (PTK) and dephosphorylated by phosphotyrosine phosphatase (PTP).(More)
Acetylcholine is well known in the medical setting as one of the most exemplary neurotransmitters. Its ubiquity in nature otherwise suggests a theoretically diverse spectrum of action and an extremely early appearance in the evolutionary process. In humans, acetylcholine and its synthesizing enzyme, choline acetyltransferase, have been found in various(More)
Acetylcholine has been detected in human blood. Acetylcholine receptors and acetylcholinesterase are present in erythrocyte membranes. We tested the acetylcholine and choline effects on nitric oxide metabolites (NOx), namely nitrites and nitrates, and observed if they are dependent on interactions with muscarinic receptors and acetylcholinesterase. Human(More)
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY To determine the effects of acetylcholine and spermineNONOate--a NO donor--on RBC membrane and oxygen carrying properties. MATERIAL AND METHODS Aliquots of venous blood from eleven healthy subjects were incubated with ACh 10(-3) M, ACh 10(-5) M, spermineNONOate 10(-5) M and spermineNONOate 10(-4) M. The following parameters were(More)
Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) are cell wall components of Gram-negative bacteria. These molecules behave as bacterial endotoxins and their release into the bloodstream is a determinant of the development of a wide range of pathologies. These amphipathic molecules can self-aggregate into supramolecular structures with different shapes and sizes. The formation of(More)
Acetylcholine is found in the nervous system and also in other cell types (endothelium, lymphocytes, and epithelial and blood cells), which are globally termed the non-neuronal cholinergic system. In this study we investigated the expression and subcellular localization of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in endothelial cells. Our results show the expression of(More)
In the recent years, there has been an increase in the development of new biosensors that could be helpful in the study of various physiological processes. In this study, we report the development of a new in vitro experimental design for real-time nitric oxide (NO) amperometric measurements in erythrocyte suspensions. To achieve this, we employed human(More)
Circulating acetylcholine, substrate of membrane acetylcholinesterase (AChE), is known to enhance the band 3 protein degree of phosphorylation. The purpose of this study was to verify whether the band 3 phosphorylation status is associated with a G protein and whether it is an influent factor on AChE enzyme activity. From blood samples of healthy donors,(More)