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DMSO is an amphipathic molecule with a highly polar domain and two apolar methyl groups, making it soluble in both aqueous and organic media. It is one of the most common solvents for the in vivo administration of several water-insoluble substances. Despite being frequently used as a solvent in biological studies and as a vehicle for drug therapy, the(More)
Circulating acetylcholine, substrate of membrane acetylcholinesterase (AChE), is known to enhance the band 3 protein degree of phosphorylation. The purpose of this study was to verify whether the band 3 phosphorylation status is associated with a G protein and whether it is an influent factor on AChE enzyme activity. From blood samples of healthy donors,(More)
Acetylcholine is well known in the medical setting as one of the most exemplary neurotransmitters. Its ubiquity in nature otherwise suggests a theoretically diverse spectrum of action and an extremely early appearance in the evolutionary process. In humans, acetylcholine and its synthesizing enzyme, choline acetyltransferase, have been found in various(More)
In the sixties and seventies, erythrocytes or red blood cells (RBCs) were extensively studied. Much has been learnt particularly concerning their metabolism and gas transporter function.In the past decade, the use of new approaches and methodologies, such as proteomic analysis, has contributed for a renewed interest on the erythrocyte. Recent studies have(More)
Fibrinogen is a multifunctional plasma protein that plays a crucial role in several biological processes. Elevated fibrinogen induces erythrocyte hyperaggregation, suggesting an interaction between this protein and red blood cells (RBCs). Several studies support the concept that fibrinogen interacts with RBC membrane and this binding, due to specific and(More)
The objective of the present work was to study the effects of erythrocyte proteins phosphorylation in erythrocyte aggregation and deformability. Human whole blood samples were incubated in vitro in absent and in presence of the phosphorylation/dephosphorilation band 3 inhibitors and also with adenylyl cyclase, guanylate cyclase and PI3K inhibitors and the(More)
The interactions between membrane, peripheral and cytoskeleton proteins are responsible for the maintenance of erythrocyte deformability (EEI) and some of these interactions are modulated by PKC activity. Protein band 3 of the erythrocyte membrane is phosphorylated by phosphotyrosine kinases (PTK) and dephosphorylated by phosphotyrosine phosphatase (PTP).(More)
Acetylcholine has been detected in human blood. Acetylcholine receptors and acetylcholinesterase are present in erythrocyte membranes. We tested the acetylcholine and choline effects on nitric oxide metabolites (NOx), namely nitrites and nitrates, and observed if they are dependent on interactions with muscarinic receptors and acetylcholinesterase. Human(More)
In the recent years, there has been an increase in the development of new biosensors that could be helpful in the study of various physiological processes. In this study, we report the development of a new in vitro experimental design for real-time nitric oxide (NO) amperometric measurements in erythrocyte suspensions. To achieve this, we employed human(More)
NO is present in the blood at 10(-7) M under physiological conditions, but at concentrations higher than 10(-6) M during inflammatory disease states. The aim of this study was to characterize what are the effects of these different NO concentrations on erythrocyte structural and functional properties. Blood was collected from eleven healthy men and(More)