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Growth of Neisseria gonorrhoeae strain FA171 in continuous culture under glucose-limiting conditions resulted in a growth-rate-dependent change in the lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The evidence for this change is an alteration in the mobility of purified alkali-treated LPS on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gels and a quantitative difference in the amount(More)
Legionella pneumophila is a facultative intracellular pathogen capable of entering and growing in a variety of phagocytic cells including free-living amoebae as well as alveolar macrophages and monocytes. A genetic analysis of L. pneumophila should facilitate the identification of bacterial factors that promote the intracellular lifestyle of this organism.
Twenty-five Haemophilus parainfluenzae strains were characterized for lipopolysaccharide (LPS) profiles, outer membrane protein profiles, serum sensitivity, plasmid profiles and DNA homology. Seventeen strains produced low-Mr LPS that did not contain O-sidechains, while the remaining eight strains contained ladder-like LPS suggestive of O-repeated units.(More)
The role of the Legionella pneumophila protease in the pathogenesis of Legionnaires' disease is unclear. In this study, we assessed the effect of purified protease preparations on human recombinant interleukin-2 (IL-2), the IL-2 receptor, and several additional human T-cell surface proteins to determine whether protease contributes to the virulence of L.(More)
Complementation experiments, Tn5 mutagenesis, and DNA sequencing were used to identify a locus (lag-1) that participates in acetylation of Legionella pneumophila serogroup 1 lipopolysaccharide. Nuclear magnetic resonance analyses of lipopolysaccharides from mutant and complemented strains suggest that lag-1 is responsible for O acetylation of serogroup 1 O(More)
Lipopolysaccharide mutants of Salmonella typhimurium provoked diminished amounts of fluid in rabbit ileal loops as compared with the response to the wild type. The responses elicited by these mutants ranged from 0 to 60% of that caused by the parent strain. Two completely rough mutants and one leaky rough mutant were chosen for further study. Purified(More)
Attempts to isolate auxotrophic mutants of Legionella pneumophila have been hampered by the complex nutritional composition of the media used to cultivate this organism. We developed a semidefined medium, designated CAA, to facilitate the isolation and characterization of Legionella auxotrophs. Unlike previously described chemically defined media for this(More)
The conjugative properties of an indigenous 85 MDa plasmid (designated pCH1) from Legionella pneumophila were studied. To determine if pCH1 was transmissible by conjugation, mating experiments were performed between legionellae that harboured pCH1 and several plasmid-less recipients. Plasmid transfer was monitored by colony hybridization, using a cloned(More)
Incubation of Legionella pneumophila Philadelphia 1 in normal human serum depleted of either classical-pathway component C1q or alternative-pathway component factor B resulted in activation of the complement system. Experiments focused on the role of the classical pathway in complement activation revealed that legionellae bound C1q independently of(More)
Legionella pneumophila is a gram-negative bacterium capable of entering and growing in alveolar macrophages and monocytes. Complement and complement receptors are important in the uptake of L. pneumophila by human mononuclear phagocytes. The surface molecules of L. pneumophila that activate the complement system are unknown. To identify these factors, we(More)