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A total deficiency in or resistance to the protein leptin causes severe obesity. As leptin levels rise with increasing adiposity in rodents and man, it is proposed to act as a negative feedback 'adipostatic signal' to brain centres controlling energy homeostasis, limiting obesity in times of nutritional abundance. Starvation is also a threat to homeostasis(More)
Leptin, the product of the ob gene, is an adipocyte-derived hormone that signals the amount of adipose tissue energy stores to the brain and exerts major effects on energy homeostasis and neuroendocrine function. Leptin has recently been shown to affect reproductive function in leptin-deficient and normal rodents. As puberty, the process of sexual(More)
BACKGROUND Studies on alcohol intake in relation to endometrial cancer risk have produced inconsistent results. METHODS For a meta-analysis, we identified cohort studies of alcohol and endometrial cancer by a literature search of Pub-Med and Embase up to 1 March 2010 and by searching the reference lists of relevant articles. RESULTS Seven cohort(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated that obesity is a significant risk factor for the development of several malignancies, but the mechanisms underlying this relationship remain to be fully elucidated. Adiponectin, an adipocyte secreted endogenous insulin sensitizer, appears to play an important role not only in glucose and lipid metabolism but also in the(More)
Leptin, a product of fat cells, provides a signal of nutritional status to the central nervous system. Leptin concentrations have ultradian and diurnal fluctuations. We conducted this study to assess sex differences in the levels of organization of frequently sampled leptin concentrations in healthy, normal weight women and men. Leptin levels were sampled(More)
The polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is characterized by menstrual disturbances, chronic anovulation and hyperandrogenism and is associated with insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia. Leptin, the product of the ob gene, is an adipocyte-secreted molecule that signals the magnitude of energy stores to the brain and has been recently shown to have important(More)
Further well designed studies are urgently needed to clarify if use of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) as a diagnostic test for prostate cancer can be improved by incorporating measurements of serum insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) and insulin-like growth factor binding-protein 3 (IGFBP-3), and if these measurements might also identify men at higher(More)
Adiponectin, an adipocyte-specific secretory protein known to induce apoptosis, has been reported to be inversely related to breast and endometrial cancers and recently found to inhibit proliferation of myeloid but not lymphoid cell lines. We hypothesised that adiponectin may be inversely associated with acute myeloblastic leukaemia (AML), but not with(More)
Within a population-based cohort study, 40,708 men aged 45-79 years followed from 1998 to 2004. After adjusting for potential confounders, we observed a strong inverse linear association between total daily physical activity (PA) and death from cancer (n=1153). For each increment of 4 metabolic equivalent (MET)-h day(-1) of total PA (approximately 1 h daily(More)
BACKGROUND Post-diagnosis weight gain in breast cancer patients has been associated with increased cancer recurrence and mortality. Our study was designed to identify risk factors for this weight gain and create a predictive model to identify a high-risk population for targeted interventions. METHODS Chart review was conducted on 459 breast cancer(More)