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A recently described method for recording multiple excitability parameters of human motor nerves has been adapted to the study of sensory nerves. The protocol measures stimulus-response behavior using two stimulus durations (from which the distribution of strength-duration time constants is estimated), threshold electrotonus to 100 ms polarizing currents, a(More)
Using the structural equation modeling (SEM) method, the present study examined the role of large-scale neural interactions in developmental stuttering while 10 stuttering and nine non-stuttering subjects performed a covert picture-naming task. Results indicated that the connection patterns were significantly different between stuttering and non-stuttering(More)
Threshold tracking was used to compare excitability properties (stimulus-response curves, strength-duration properties, recovery cycle, and threshold electrotonus) of median motor axons at the wrist and peroneal motor axons at the ankle in 12 healthy subjects. Stimulus-response curves and strength-duration properties were similar, though higher stimulus(More)
CYCLOSPORIN A and the newly discovered immunosuppressant, FK-506, are potent inhibitors of T cell activation. In addition to their clinical importance in the prevention of allograft rejection, cyclosporin A and FK-506 represent important reagents for the study of the molecular mechanisms of lymphocyte activation. Cyclosporin A, a cyclic undecapeptide and(More)
FK-506 inhibits Ca(2+)-dependent transcription of lymphokine genes in T cells, and thereby acts as a powerful immunosuppressant. However, its potential therapeutic applications may be seriously limited by several side effects, including nephrotoxicity and neurotoxicity. At present, it is unclear whether these immunosuppressive and toxic effects result from(More)
In a number of clinical studies, measurement of axonal strength-duration properties has been used to provide indirect insight into conductances at the node of Ranvier, particularly persistent Na(+) conductance. However, the specificity of any changes is limited because other factors can affect strength-duration behavior. The present study was undertaken to(More)
Recently, the hematopoietic factor, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), has been shown to exhibit neuroprotective effects in CNS injuries. Our previous study demonstrated that intrathecal (i.t.) G-CSF significantly improved neurological defects in spinal cord ischemic rats. Considerable evidence indicates that the release of excessive amounts of(More)
Initial experience with intracranial and cervical MRA at 3.0T is reported. Phantom measurements (corrected for relaxation effects) show S/N (3.0T) = 2.14 +/- 0.08 x S/N (1.5T) in identical-geometry head coils. A 3.0T 3DTOF intracranial imaging protocol with higher-order autoshimming was developed and compared to 1.5T 3DTOF in 12 patients with aneurysms. A(More)
In acquired polyneuropathies, symptoms and signs are typically distal and symmetrical, more prominent in the lower limbs than the upper limbs. This study was undertaken to measure the extent of the decrease in excitability produced by single impulses and by impulse trains in cutaneous afferents in the median and sural nerves, and to compare the resulting(More)
The NS3 protein of hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a bifunctional protein containing a serine protease in the N-terminal one-third, which is stimulated upon binding of the NS4A cofactor, and an RNA helicase in the C-terminal two-thirds. In this study, a C-terminal hexahistidine-tagged helicase domain of the HCV NS3 protein was expressed in Escherichia coli and(More)