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Current methods of chemical vapour deposition (CVD) of graphene on copper are complicated by multiple processing steps and by high temperatures required in both preparing the copper and inducing subsequent film growth. Here we demonstrate a plasma-enhanced CVD chemistry that enables the entire process to take place in a single step, at reduced temperatures(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebral infarction is an important neurological complication of childhood bacterial meningitis, but little is known about its epidemiology and outcomes. AIM To determine the predictive factors, clinical features, causative pathogens, and outcomes of cerebral infarction secondary to perinatal and childhood bacterial meningitis. DESIGN(More)
To determine the clinical features, prognostic factors, and therapeutic results of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) in order to improve the therapeutic strategy for this disease. We retrospectively reviewed the electrodiagnostic study and medical records of patients with GBS admitted to Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Kaohsiung, between January 1986 and December(More)
BACKGROUND Central obesity is a rising epidemic, and often occurs in parallel with dyslipidemia. Furthermore, enhancement of ectopic fat deposition has been observed in both human studies and animal models of altered lipidemic control. Though APOA1/C3/A4/A5 genetic polymorphisms are associated with dyslipidemia, their effect on central obesity is less(More)
The controlled production of thermonuclear fusion energy is critical for providing an alternative, environmentally friendly, and renewable energy source on our planet. The technical challenge is to stabilize the dynamic turbulent flow of hot plasma in magnetic fields in a fusion energy reactor. More specifically, the issue is how to control fusion plasma(More)
To analyze the prognostic factors and therapeutic outcome of adult patients with isolated symptomatic stenosis of the middle cerebral artery (MCA). Forty-nine patients were retrospectively verified with isolated symptomatic stenosis of the MCA through both magnetic resonance angiogram and transcranial color-coded duplex sonography. Therapeutic outcome at 1(More)
Gain of function mutation of Janus kinase 2 (JAK2V617F) has been identified in Philadelphia-negative myeloproliferative diseases; about half of essential thrombocythemia (ET) patients harbor this mutation. The activated JAK-STAT pathway promotes cell proliferation, differentiation and anti-apoptosis. We studied the role of negative regulators of the(More)
First-principle studies of edge pedestal microinstabilities are performed with a coupled global gyrokinetic GEM-XGC0 simulation. The code coupling is implemented under the End-to-End Framework for Fusion Integrated Simulation (EFFIS).The equilibrium density, temperature and radial electric field (E r) profiles are calculated by the XGC0 code and the(More)
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