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A simple procedure is described for the mechanical isolation of protoplasts of unfertilized and fertilized barley egg cells from dissected ovules. Viable protoplasts were isolated from ~75% of the dissected ovules. Unfertilized protoplasts did not divide, whereas almost all fertilized protoplasts developed into microcalli. These degenerated when grown in(More)
BACKGROUND For most authors, surgery of emphysema is restricted to resection of large bullae, whereas resection of small bullae or lung volume reduction is generally considered to have poor results. STUDY OBJECTIVE To report our experience of lung volume reduction in patients with severe emphysema without large bullae. PATIENTS Thirteen patients were(More)
An ovule culture technique has been established for barley that allows the regeneration of plants from zygotes. An average of 1.3 plantlets per ovule could be regenerated from more than 60% of the cultured ovules and about 75% of the regenerated plantlets developed into normal, fertile plants. The same regeneration frequencies were obtained in intact ovules(More)
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a sleep related breathing disorder caused by partial or complete collapse of the upper airway during sleep. The disease is linked with important cardiovascular and cerebrovascular morbidity and mortality. Tongue base collapse is a major cause of upper airway occlusion in OSA and present surgical procedures to prevent this(More)
Severe acute asthma remains associated with significant mortality. Medical treatment of acute severe episodes includes oxygentherapy, inhaled or intravenous beta-2-agonists, and high doses of systemic corticosteroids. The benefit of additional treatment with other agents such as nebulized ipratropium bromide, epinephrine and intravenous aminophylline is(More)
Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) has been reported in 6% of malignancies of solid organ transplant recipients. Most of the observations have been in recipients of renal allografts but, so far, KS has not been described in lung transplantation. We report a case of bronchial KS occurring in a black patient 6 months after single lung-transplantation. Skin lesions were(More)
BACKGROUND Minocycline has been identified as a pathogenic agent in drug-induced pneumonia. We report a new case. CASE REPORT A 38-year-old female asthmatic patient was given minocycline (100 mg/j) for facial acne. She was allergic to penicillin. Other treatments were theophylline, salbutamol and inhaled budesonide. Severe bilateral hypoxemia pneumonia(More)
Lung volume reduction surgery in emphysema has, as an objective, the reduction of dyspnoea and an increase in the exercise tolerance in patients with respiratory insufficiency suffering from diffuse emphysema. In principle the resection of the most diseased areas of emphysema leads to improvement in the mechanical properties of the emphysematous lung and(More)
Despite a better understanding of the physiopathology of asthma and the availability of potent drugs, severe acute asthma is still a frequent cause of death (1500 to 2000 patients die each year of asthma in France). Among the different clinical presentations, hyperacute attack with an attack duration (period from onset of attack to mechanical ventilation or(More)