Aims. The Two Micron All Sky Survey, along with the Stellar Population Synthesis Model of the Galaxy, developed in Besançon, is used to calculate the extinction distribution along different lines of sight. By combining many lines of sight, the large scale distribution of interstellar material can be deduced. Methods. The Galaxy model is used to provide the… (More)
We present spectra of 36 nearby star candidates and 3 red giant candidates, identified in the DENIS database by Phan-Bao et al. (2003). 32 of the dwarf candidates are indeed nearby red dwarfs, with spectral types from M5.5 to M8.5. Out of 11 targets with low proper motion (µ < 0.1 arc-sec.yr −1) but a Reduced Proper Motion above an inclusive threshold, 9… (More)
In this paper we review some recent detections of wide binary brown dwarf systems and discuss them in the context of the multiplicity properties of very low-mass stars and brown dwarfs.
We report our discovery of a nearby wide binary system, LP 714-37 AB. Phan-Bao et al. identified LP 714-37 as a mid-M dwarf during a cross-identification of the NLTT and DENIS catalogues. Our CCD images resolve the system into a binary with a projected angular separation of 1.8 ′′ , or 33 AU, and low-resolution optical spectra give spectral types of M5.5… (More)
The bulge is a region of the Galaxy which is of tremendous interest for understanding Galaxy formation. However, measuring photometry and kinematics in it raises several inherent issues, like high extinction in the visible and severe crowding. Here we attempt to estimate the problem of the visibility of the bulge at optical wavelengths, where large CCD… (More)
The European Southern Observatory's (ESO) Visible and Infrared Survey Telescope for Astronomy (VISTA) is a 4-m class survey telescope for wide-field near-infrared imaging. VISTA is currently running a suite of six public surveys, which will shortly deliver their first Europe wide public data releases to ESO. The VISTA Kilo-degree Infrared Galaxy Survey… (More)
Context. Thanks to recent large scale surveys in the near infrared such as 2MASS, the galactic plane that most suffers from extinction is revealed and its overall structure can be studied. Aims. This work aims at constraining the structure of the Milky Way external disc as seen in 2MASS data, and in particular the warp. Methods. We use the Two Micron All… (More)