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Phenylacetic acid has been detected in human cerebrospinal fluid and plasma. Free acid and total acid values obtained after hydrolysis have been quantified as the pentafluorobenzyl ester by selected ion monitoring, using [2H7]phenylacetic acid as internal standard.
Cerebrospinal fluid free phenylacetic acid concentration in a series of depressive patients was significantly lower than values in control subjects. This acid derives from phenylethylamine and the findings may reflect a decrease in its brain formation. Such a deficit may be related to other recent observations of a decrease in urinary output of the major… (More)
The concentration of several phenolic acids and alcohols was measured in urine from germ-free and specific pathogen-free (SPF) rats before and after inoculation with faecal microorganisms, and from conventional rats before and after gut sterilization. The rate of excretion of benzoic acid, phenylacetic acid, and m- and p-hydroxyphenylpropionic acid in the… (More)
Mean urinary excretion values of some phenolic acids and alcohols have been measured by gas chromatography in 44 neonates (36 males, 6 females) during the first 2 days and days 3-7 of life, and the effect of prematurity and jaundice assessed. 4-Hydroxy-3-methoxymandelic acid (VMA) output rises immediately after birth in term but not in preterm infants. A… (More)