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The present study was undertaken to characterize [3H]ifenprodil binding in rat brain. [3H]Ifenprodil showed saturable, high-affinity binding at 4 degrees C. Specific binding, defined with 10 microM ifenprodil as a competitor, was inhibited biphasically by the s receptor ligands, GBR 12909, 1,3-di-o-tolylguanidine (DTG), and(More)
Compound AF64A, ethylcholine mustard aziridinium ion (0.4-8 nmol) was stereotaxically administered into rat dorsal hippocampus, and neurochemical changes were determined 5 days later. AF64A treatment, over an almost 10-fold dose range, resulted in a significant (up to 70%) decline in choline acetyltransferase activity. In the same tissue samples,(More)
Ethylcholine mustard aziridinium ion (AF64A), a neurotoxic choline analog, was evaluated for its interactions with the cholinergic system in mice. Parenterally administered AF64A was lethal (LD50 = 32.6 mumol/kg i.v.) and the lethality could be antagonized even at 8 LD50 doses by pretreatment with choline (714 mumol/kg i.p.) 2 min earlier. Mice that were(More)
Four classes of non-mammalian vertebrates were examined for the presence of both 'brain-specific' and 'peripheral-type' binding sites for benzodiazepines in the central nervous system. 'Brain-specific' binding sites for benzodiazepines were found in the central nervous systems of all non-mammalian vertebrates studied. However, in contrast to mammals, either(More)
A loss in the number of functional, sodium ion-dependent, high-affinity choline transport sites was observed in the cortex and hippocampus of mice given an intracerebroventricular injection of 65 nanomoles of AF64A (ethylcholine mustard aziridinium ion) 3 days earlier. Such an effect was not observed in the striatum. This effect of AF64A represents a(More)
About 20 min prior to training in a shock-motivated 14-unit T-maze, young (3-4 months) and aged (24-25 months) male Fischer-344 rats were given s.c. injections of either saline or dizocilpine (MK-801, 0.02 or 0.04 mg/kg), a non-competitive antagonist of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor. The aged rats showed a dose-dependent impairment in maze(More)
The neuropharmacologic effects of ethylcholine aziridinium ion, AF64A, were studied in cats, using various physiological techniques, to ascertain its synaptic site of action and to determine whether it may act as a cholinergic specific neurotoxin in vivo. Nictitating membrane contractions elicited by preganglionic nerve stimulation (1-16 Hz) were diminished(More)
1. The effect of various peptide antagonists on capsaicin-induced (250 micrograms per ear) ear inflammation has been examined. 2. Co-administration of the substance P (SP) antagonist [D-Pro2,D-Trp7,9]SP at 100 and 300 micrograms per ear with capsaicin markedly attenuated oedema, whereas a vasopressin antagonist was ineffective. 3. Using the same scheme, the(More)
Specific [3H]bradykinin(BK) binding was investigated in membranes from guinea-pig brain. In kinetic experiments, specific [3H]BK binding (100 pM) reached equilibrium within 15 min at 25 degrees C (k + 1 = 1.40 nM-1min-1) and the binding was reversed by the addition of 1 microM BK (k-1 = 0.069 min-1). The presence of a high affinity BK binding site was also(More)