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The 90-kDa heat shock protein (hsp90) is a well conserved, abundant cytosolic protein believed to be a "chaperone" of most steroid receptors. We have recently demonstrated that hsp90 has an ATP-binding site and autophosphorylating activity (Csermely, P., and Kahn, C. R. (1991) J. Biol. Chem. 266, 4943-4950). Circular dichroism analysis of highly purified(More)
Several studies support the idea that the polypeptides belonging to the family of insulin and insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) play an important role in brain development and continue to be produced in discrete areas of the adult brain. In numerous neuronal populations within the olfactory bulb, the cerebral and cerebellar cortex, the hippocampus, some(More)
Insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS-1) is the primary cytosolic substrate of the insulin and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) receptors. Following tyrosine phosphorylation IRS-1 binds to and activates specific proteins containing SH2 domains. Using biochemical and immunocytochemical techniques, we have mapped the distribution of IRS-1 in the CNS of the(More)
PURPOSE To develop an in vitro model of human corneal epithelium that can be propagated in serum-free medium that is tissue specific, species specific, and continuously available. METHODS Primary explant cultures from human cadaver donor corneas were generated and subsequently infected with Adeno 12-SV40 (Ad12-SV40) hybrid virus or transfected with(More)
The 90-kDa heat shock protein (hsp-90) is an abundant cytosolic protein believed to play a role in maintenance of protein trafficking and closely associated with several steroid hormone receptors. Incubation of highly purified hsp-90 with [gamma-32P]ATP results in its autophosphorylation on serine residues. There are several lines of evidence which suggest(More)
Activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase) by receptor tyrosine kinases for growth factors is crucial for neuronal cell survival and proliferation. This class of kinases is comprised of heterodimers, each consisting of one regulatory and one catalytic subunit. Multiple isoforms of regulatory subunits exist, including p85alpha and its(More)
Insulin rapidly stimulates tyrosine kinase activity of its receptor resulting in phosphorylation of its cytosolic substrate insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS-1), which in turn associates with and activates the enzyme phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase). In the present study we have examined these three initial steps in insulin action during the(More)
Organ weight was compared in adult mice with deletion of one (IRS-1-/+) or both (IRS-1-/-) copies of the insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) gene and IRS-1+/+ littermates. IRS-1-/+ mice showed modest reductions in weight of most organs in proportion to a decrease in body weight. IRS-1-/- mice showed major reductions in weight of heart, liver, and spleen(More)
Insulin receptor substrate (IRS)-1 and IRS-2 are the major substrates that mediate insulin action. Insulin itself regulates the expression of the IRS protein in the liver, but the underlying mechanisms of IRS-1 and IRS-2 regulation are not fully understood. Here we report that insulin suppressed the expression of both IRS-1 and IRS-2 proteins in Fao(More)