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Following intranasal administration to rats, wheat germ agglutinin-horseradish peroxidase (WGA-HRP) concentrated in the olfactory nerve and glomerular layers of the olfactory bulb resulting in a mean olfactory bulb concentration of 140 nM. A negligible amount of label was detected in the olfactory bulb following intravenous administration of WGA-HRP or(More)
Free D-Ser, D-Asp and total D-amino acids were significantly higher (p < 0.05) in Alzheimer (AD) ventricular CSF than in normal CSF. There was no significant difference in the total L-amino acids between AD and normal CSF, but L-Gln and L-His were significantly higher (p < 0.05) in AD-CSF. The higher concentrations of these D- and L-amino acids in AD(More)
A major protein associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD) was detected by an electrophoretic study of temporal cortex obtained at autopsy from patients affected with AD, non-AD dementia, and normal controls matched for age and sex. A markedly increased amount of a 50,000 dalton molecular weight protein, which has been identified as glial fibrillary acidic(More)
The 100,000 x g supernatant fraction of human brain contains endogenous inhibitors of antagonist binding to the muscarinic receptor. Significantly greater inhibition was observed with Alzheimer's than non-demented control supernatant fractions. Low molecular weight inhibitor was separated from larger inhibitor species by membrane dialysis (3,500 dalton(More)
An endogenous inhibitor (< 3,500 Da) of antagonist binding to the muscarinic acetylcholine receptor has been extracted from Alzheimer's disease (AD) brain with trifluoracetic acid. Oxidized glutathione, (GSSG) has also been found to inhibit antagonist binding to the receptor. However, in its reduced form, glutathione (GSH) like other reducing agents,(More)
This is the first report of the presence of free D-amino acids in lumbar and ventricular human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of individuals with Alzheimer disease (AD) compared with CSF of normal control subjects and with individuals affected by multiple sclerosis, as an unrelated neurologic disorder. Free D-amino acids are present at significantly higher(More)
Normal protein-bound L-aspartyl/L-asparaginyl residues may undergo post-translational modification by racemization to D-aspartate, or by isomerization to the L-isoaspartyl form in which the peptide chain links through the beta carboxyl group of the residue. Based on preliminary results reported here, proteins associated with Alzheimer neurofibrillary tangle(More)
The ganglioside monoclonal antibody A2B5 has previously been used at the light microscopic level to label Alzheimer neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs). Light microscopic analysis, however, could not reveal whether the A2B5 antibody-labeled NFTs or membrane fragments associated with NFTs. Therefore, we used pre-embedding immunohistochemical electron microscopy(More)
Ganglioside monoclonal antibody (A2B5) labels Alzheimer's neurofibrillary tangles both in isolated neurofibrillary tangle-bearing nerve cells and in partially purified preparations of tangle fibers. Antibody staining was preabsorbed by preincubation of antibody with neuronal ganglioside preparations. These results suggest that Alzheimer's neurofibrillary(More)