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Oestrogen protects against AD by multiple mechanisms, including the enhancement of Abeta clearance. Transthyretin (TTR) is a homotetrameric protein mainly synthesized by the liver and choroid plexus (CP) of the brain that sequesters the amyloid beta (Abeta) peptide. In this study we examined the effects of 17beta-estradiol (E2) on TTR protein and mRNA(More)
This article brings the choroid plexus into the context of health and disease. It is remarkable that the choroid plexus, composed by a monolayer of epithelial cells that lie in a highly vascularized stroma, floating within the brain ventricles, gets so little attention in major physiology and medicine text books and in the scientific literature in general.(More)
The choroid plexus (CP) are highly vascularized branched structures that protrude into the ventricles of the brain, and form a unique interface between the blood and the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), the blood-CSF barrier, that are the main site of production and secretion of CSF. Sex hormones are widely recognized as neuroprotective agents against several(More)
Transthyretin (TTR), an amyloid-beta (Abeta) scavenger protein, and metallothioneins 2 and 3 (MT2 and MT3), low molecular weight metal-binding proteins, have recognized impacts in Abeta metabolism. Because TTR binds MT2, an ubiquitous isoform of the MTs, we investigated whether it also interacts with MT3, an isoform of the MTs predominantly expressed in the(More)
Transthyretin (TTR) is a carrier for thyroid hormones and retinol binding protein. Several mutated forms of TTR cause familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy, an inheritable lethal disease. On the other hand, wild-type TTR has a protective role against Alzheimer’s disease. Despite its overall importance in normal animal physiology and in disease, few studies(More)
The choroid plexus (CP) participates in the synthesis, secretion and regulation of the cerebrospinal fluid, in the removal of its toxic compounds and in the regulation of the availability of essential metal ions to the brain. It expresses and secretes metallothioneins 1/2 (MT-1/2) which are key components in the maintenance of the central nervous system(More)
Transthyretin (TTR) is a 55 kDa plasma homotetrameric protein mainly synthesized in the liver and choroid plexuses (CPs) of the brain that, functions as a carrier for thyroxin and retinol binding protein. It sequesters amyloid beta (Abeta) peptide, and TTR levels in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) appear to be inversely correlated with Alzheimer's disease(More)
Transthyretin (TTR) is a 55 kDa homotetrameric protein known for the transport of thyroxine and the indirect transportation of retinol. Within the central nervous system, TTR is primary synthesized and secreted into the cerebral spinal fluid by the choroid plexus (CP), whereas most TTR in the systemic circulation is produced and secreted by the liver. TTR(More)
Metallothioneins (MTs) are low-molecular weight cysteine- and metal-rich proteins with unquestionable metal binding capacity, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, and a clear involvement in diverse physiological actions as inhibition of proapoptotic mechanisms, enhancement of cell survival, and tissue regeneration. Concurrent with this wide array(More)
Previous studies reported that 17 beta-estradiol (E2) is responsible for the up-regulation of transthyretin (TTR) expression via an estrogen receptor (ER)-dependent pathway in rat choroid plexus (CP) and liver. A computer-assisted homology search identified a putative estrogen-responsive element (ERE) in the 5' flanking region of the human TTR (hTTR) gene(More)