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Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta), a pleiotropic cytokine that regulates cell growth and differentiation, is secreted by many human tumors and markedly inhibits tumor-specific cellular immunity. Tumors can avoid the differentiating and apoptotic effects of TGF-beta by expressing a nonfunctional TGF-beta receptor. We have determined whether this(More)
BACKGROUND Accumulation of the cytosine arabinoside (ara-C) metabolite ara-C-triphosphate (ara-CTP) in leukemic blast cells is considered to be the main determinant of ara-C cytotoxicity in vitro and in vivo. Retinoids such as all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) have been shown to increase the sensitivity of acute myelogenous leukemic (AML) blast cells to ara-C.(More)
The rate of ara-cytosine triphosphate (ara-CTP) accumulation and its retention has been correlated with 1-beta-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine (ara-C)-mediated toxicity and clinical outcome in childhood and adult leukemia. We tested to what extent preincubation with the ribonucleotide reductase inhibitors fludarabine (F-ara-A) and hydroxyurea (HU) enhanced(More)
In 29 of 36 children with fetal alcohol syndrome brainstem auditory-evoked potentials were performed and the auditory threshold was determined. The hearing of patients with a pathologic finding was then subject to a thorough ear-nose-throat examination. Additionally the IQ was determined and an audiolinguistic examination was carried out. Seventy-five % of(More)
Human Epstein-Barr virus-specific T cells were genetically modified to express chimeric receptors specific for human CD19, which is expressed on the cell surface of most B cell malignancies. The receptor-modified EBV-specific T cells can be expanded and maintained long term in the presence of EBV-infected B cells. They recognize autologous EBV-infected(More)
Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is currently the only curative therapy for the severe hematopoietic complications associated with Fanconi anemia (FA). In Germany, it is estimated that 10-15 transplants are performed annually for FA. However, because FA is a DNA repair disorder, standard conditioning regimens confer a high risk of(More)
Transforming growth factor (TGF), a pleiotropic cytokine that regulates cell growth and differentiation, is secreted by many human tumors and markedly inhibits tumor-specific cellular immunity. Tumors can avoid the differentiating and apoptotic effects of TGFby expressing a nonfunctional TGFreceptor. We have determined whether this immune evasion strategy(More)
BACKGROUND No effective therapeutic modalities exist for the treatment of relapsed high risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Adoptive cellular immunotherapy by transfusion of polyclonal donor lymphocytes is not always effective and is limited by cellular cross-reactivity with normal tissues, leading to development of clinical graft-versus-host disease(More)