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Four experiments examined the effects of language characteristics on voice identification. In Experiment 1, monolingual English listeners identified bilinguals' voices much better when they spoke English than when they spoke German. The opposite outcome was found in Experiment 2, in which the listeners were monolingual in German. In Experiment 3,(More)
The paradigm producing recognition failure of recallable words was investigated in a series of three experiments. Results indicate that retrieval asymmetry: (a) exists in the recognition failure paradigm directly following list study, (b) increases significantly following a free-association task aimed at generation of the target words from the study list,(More)
The use of different types of partial temporal information is shown to affect dating accuracy and the distribution of errors in event dating. Several different types of partial temporal information are discussed, but three are highlighted by the data. Specifically, subjects' dating error patterns suggest that they (1) use different types of within-week(More)
Viruses are highly abundant in temperate soils, ranging from 107 to 109 g−1, and outnumbering soil bacteria from 5- to over 1,000-fold. In order to determine the potential impacts of viruses on soil microbial communities, it is important to establish reliable methods for comparing changes in viral abundances within and across soil samples. The goals of this(More)
Two experiments investigated memory for the dates of events selected and recorded by subjects in diaries. In Experiment 1, personal events and public news events were compared, with retention time varying from 1 week up to 9 months. It was found that the day of the week was more accurately identified for personal events than for news events, that(More)
The present studies provided separate tests of the varied context and varied encoding hypotheses of the MP-DP effect. The investigation of varied encoding used an incidental learning procedure in which the nature of the orienting task was manipulated such that the subject attended to different attributes of words (varied encoding) or only one attribute(More)
Twenty-eight pediatric patients between the ages of 2 and 13 years underwent intraoperative measurement of the nasal choanae using an instrument custom designed for this purpose by the Pilling Surgical Instrument Company. Additional data points recorded included age, surgical procedure, and the presence or absence of nasal obstructive symptoms which was(More)
Histidine residues that influence the chelate-mediated removal of iron from transferrin have been investigated. Diferric human serum transferrin was chemically modified to various extents using ethoxyformic anhydride, a reagent for histidines. A kinetic analysis of the modification reaction revealed the presence of a fast reacting pool of 9 +/- .8 histidine(More)