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A system is described that rapidly produces a regular 3-dimensional (3-D) data block suitable for processing by conventional image analysis and volume measurement software. The system uses electromagnetic spatial location of 2-dimensional (2-D) freehand-scanned ultrasound B-mode images, custom-built signal-conditioning hardware, UNIX-based computer(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Glucokinase (GK) is the rate-limiting enzyme of hepatic glucose metabolism and acts as a sensor for glucose-stimulated insulin release in beta-cells. Here we examine whether the lowering of blood glucose levels in the rat by small molecule glucokinase activators (GKAs) can be predicted from in vitro enzyme potencies and plasma(More)
ZD0473 is a new generation hindered platinum agent currently undergoing worldwide Phase II clinical studies. The in vitro cytotoxicity of ZD0473 either alone or in combination with the anticancer drugs paclitaxel, gemcitabine, vinorelbine, topotecan and doxorubicin was determined using four human ovarian carcinoma cell lines and by the sulphorhodamine B(More)
We present the case of a rock climber with a rupture of the A3 flexor sheath pulley. The diagnosis was confirmed with Colour Doppler Imaging (CDI) and with B-mode ultrasound imaging, and the surgical repair was evaluated in the same way. Vertical displacement of the flexor tendon meant that using CDI measurements of the longitudinal movements was not(More)
On the basis of an extension of the literature lead 1, a series of benzimidazoles have been synthesized and shown to be angiotensin II (AII) receptor antagonists. The structure-activity relationships of these new antagonists have been explored and the key binding interactions defined. Molecular mechanics calculations were carried out on analogues of(More)
The aim of this study was to establish the reproducibility of sequential three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound reconstructions of an identified segment of the carotid artery bifurcation in asymptomatic subjects. A freehand acquisition, compound reconstruction, 3D ultrasound system was used on three occasions, over a period of 1 year. The lumen of the vessel was(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the influence of experimental hypertension on the structure and function of porcine coronary small arteries. METHODS Miniature pigs underwent partial left renal artery constriction and contralateral nephrectomy. Blood pressures were recorded, using indwelling carotid artery catheters. After 4 weeks the pigs were killed, the heart(More)
1 Inhalation of an aqueous aerosol of citric acid caused bronchoconstriction in anaesthetized guinea-pigs which was abolished by bilateral vagal section. 2 Conscious guinea-pigs developed slow, laboured breathing within 90 s of exposure to citric acid aerosol. The onset of this pattern of breathing was delayed by prior aerosol administration of atropine,(More)
A novel series of nonpeptidic angiotensin II (AII) receptor antagonists is reported, derived from linkage of the biphenylcarboxylic acid or biphenylyltetrazole moiety found in previously described antagonists via a methyleneoxy chain to the 4-position of a 2-alkyl quinoline. When evaluated in an in vitro binding assay using a guinea pig adrenal membrane(More)
We have investigated the ability to quantitate atherosclerosis in the aortic arch of the Watanabe rabbit using noninvasive 3-D ultrasound. Our methodology utilizes postprocessing of videotaped freehand 2-D interrogations to form a compound 3-D data block. Structures may then be segmented on the attributed grey-scale level and volumes measured. Analysis of(More)