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Longitudinal characterization of early brain growth in-utero has been limited by a number of challenges in fetal imaging, the rapid change in size, shape and volume of the developing brain, and the consequent lack of suitable algorithms for fetal brain image analysis. There is a need for an improved digital brain atlas of the spatiotemporal maturation of(More)
Brain development is a complex process of micro- and macrostructural events that include neuronal and glial proliferation and migration, myelination, and organizational development of cortical layers and circuitry. Recent progress in understanding these processes has provided insight into the pathophysiology of brain injury and alterations of cerebral(More)
OBJECTIVES Magnetic resonance imaging has been used to define the neurologic abnormalities in infants with congenital heart disease (CHD), including preoperative injury and delayed brain maturation. The present study used qualitative scoring, cerebral biometry, and diffusion imaging to characterize the preoperative brain abnormalities in infants with CHD,(More)
BACKGROUND Moderate-to-severe white matter abnormality (WMA) in the newborn has been shown to produce persistent disruptions in cerebral connectivity but does not universally result in neurodevelopmental disability in very preterm (VPT) children. The aims of this hypothesis-driven study were to apply diffusion imaging to: (i) examine whether bilateral WMA(More)
Infants with congenital heart disease (CHD) have delayed brain maturation and alterations in brain volume. Brain metrics is a simple measurement technique that can be used to evaluate brain growth. This study used brain metrics to test the hypothesis that alterations in brain size persist at 3 months of age and that infants with CHD have slower rates of(More)
Infants with congenital heart disease have altered brain development. We characterized cortical folding, a critical part of brain development, in congenital heart disease infants and demonstrated an overall decrease in cortical surface area and cortical folding with regional alterations in the right lateral sulcus and left orbitofrontal region, cingulate(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess and contrast the incidence and severity of abnormalities on cerebral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) between infants with mild, moderate, and severe neonatal encephalopathy who received therapeutic hypothermia. STUDY DESIGN This retrospective cohort studied infants with mild, moderate, and severe neonatal encephalopathy who received(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Aberrant gyral folding is a key feature in the diagnosis of many cerebral malformations. However, in fetal life, it is particularly challenging to confidently diagnose aberrant folding because of the rapid spatiotemporal changes of gyral development. Currently, there is no resource to measure how an individual fetal brain compares(More)
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