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Ultraviolet-B (UV-B) irradiation of antigen presenting cells (APCs) modifies their allogenecity, resulting in inhibition of the proliferative response of T cells in mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR). Costimulation by the CD28 ligand CD80 (B7/B7-1) and CD86 (B70/B7-2) plays an important role during T-cell proliferation by augmenting synthesis of interleukin-2(More)
Treatment of a mouse macrophage cell line, P388D1, for 1 h with bacterial LPS caused a transient increase in the level of junB mRNA expression. These cells became refractory in terms of the junB gene response to exposure to a second round of LPS or lipid A, but not to PMA. The LPS-induced desensitized state was not due to the shortening of the half-life of(More)
BACKGROUND Several recent studies have reported both the generation of cytokines, including interleukin (IL)-1 beta, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), and IL-8, in the supernatants of stored platelet concentrates (PCs) and the implications of this generation in febrile nonhemolytic transfusion reactions. Prestorage filtration is regarded as(More)
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