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Summary:Busulfan (Bu) is an important component of some myeloablative regimens prior to stem cell transplantation (SCT). Over the last few years it has been shown that other drugs administered concomitantly can influence Bu pharmacokinetics. In the present study, we compared Bu concentrations (trough levels) in three groups of patients. Group A (n=5)(More)
The aims of the present study were (1) to investigate and quantify the pharmacokinetics, including inter-occasion variability and covariate relationships, of busulphan in BMT patients and (2) to develop a user-friendly initial dosing and therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) strategy for the treatment of those patients with busulphan. The pharmacokinetics of(More)
Busulfan has been previously only available in an oral formulation due to its poor water solubility. We report the results of a phase I study of multiple escalating doses of intravenous busulfan (Spartaject Busulfan, Orphan Europe, Paris, France) for myeloablation prior to stem cell transplantation (SCT) in 12 patients with chronic myeloid leukemia, acute(More)
AIMS This study investigated the pharmacokinetics of cyclophosphamide (CP) and its main metabolite 4-hydroxycyclophosphamide (4-OH-CP) in patients with breast cancer undergoing high dose chemotherapy prior to autologous stem cell transplantation. An enzyme turn-over model was also developed to study the time course of cyclophosphamide induction. METHODS(More)
Patients experience cytomegalovirus (CMV) reactivation after stem cell transplantation (SCT) and need repeated courses of pre-emptive therapy. Analysis of CMV-specific immunity might help to assess the need for antiviral therapy. Forty-eight patients were studied during the first 3 months after SCT. Peripheral blood lymphocytes were stimulated by CMV(More)
The Swedish population-based acute myeloid leukemia registry contains data from 3251 patients (excluding acute promyelocytic leukemia) diagnosed between 1997 and 2006. Informative cytogenetic data from 1893 patients were retrospectively added, including 1054 patients aged between 60 and 79 years. Clonal abnormalities were found in 57% of the informative(More)
The pharmacokinetics of cyclophosphamide (CP) and its cytotoxic metabolite 4-hydroxycyclophosphamide (4-OHCP) have been studied in multiple myeloma patients treated with the CIB (CP, interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) and betamethasone) regimen. In the present investigation we aimed to determine whether exposure to CP and its cytotoxic metabolite 4-OHCP is(More)
The clinicopathological and immunocytochemical features of nine cases of salivary duct carcinoma are described. This relatively rare tumour, which only recently has been widely recognized as a separate entity, is highly malignant and caused the death in eight of the patients. The tumour cells are arranged in cribriform and solid growth patterns, where the(More)
AIMS Inhibition of diacylglycerol acyltransferase 1 (DGAT1), which catalyses the final step in triacylglycerol (TAG) assembly, is suggested as a treatment for type 2 diabetes and obesity based on animal data indicating insulin sensitization and weight reduction. This first-time-in-human single ascending dose study explored the safety, tolerability,(More)
Busulphan and cyclophosphamide (Bu/CP) are widely used in preparative regimens for bone marrow transplantation. Many studies have shown a wide variation in busulphan pharmacokinetics. Moreover, higher rates of liver toxicity were reported in Bu/CP protocols than in a total body irradiation (TBI)-containing regimen. In the present paper we investigated the(More)