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The time it takes for rainfall to travel through a catchment and reach the stream is a fundamental hydraulic parameter that controls the retention of soluble contaminants and thus the downstream consequences of pollution episodes. Catchments with short ̄ushing times will deliver brief, intense contaminant pulses to downstream waters, whereas catchments with(More)
  • C Neal
  • The Science of the total environment
  • 2001
A discussion on the measurement of alkalinity in bicarbonate bearing and acidic waters is presented as a move towards developing a standardised approach within the aquatic sciences. The discussion is based on theoretical and practical considerations. Practical illustrations are provided from measurements of calcium bicarbonate bearing waters (River Thames)(More)
The water quality of seven sites on the upper reaches of the River Kennet round the market town of Marlborough is described and related to the introduction of phosphorus treatment of effluent from Marlborough sewage treatment works (STW). The River Kennet is mainly groundwater-fed from a Cretaceous chalk aquifer and hence the river water is calcium- and(More)
Chlorophyll-a concentration variations are described for two major river basins in England, the Humber and the Thames and related to catchment characteristics and nutrient concentrations across a range of rural, agricultural and urban/industrial settings. For all the rivers there are strong seasonal variations, with concentrations peaking in the spring and(More)
The difference in timing of point and diffuse phosphorus (P) delivery to a river produces clear differences in the P concentration-flow relationship. Point inputs decrease in concentration with increasing river flow, due to dilution of a relatively constant input, whereas diffuse (non-point) load usually increases with river flow. This study developed a(More)
The water quality of a tributary of the Thames, the Pang, draining a rural part of the Thames basin is described and related to the influences of inputs from farming activity and groundwater from the underlying chalk aquifer as modified by biological within-stream processes. The groundwater inputs ensures that the waters are calcium and bicarbonate bearing(More)
Phosphorus (P) concentrations from water quality monitoring at 54 UK river sites across seven major lowland catchment systems are examined in relation to eutrophication risk and to the relative importance of point and diffuse sources. The over-riding evidence indicates that point (effluent) rather than diffuse (agricultural) sources of phosphorus provide(More)
The possible effects of changing climate on a southern and a north-eastern English river (the Thames and the Yorkshire Ouse, respectively) were examined in relation to water and ecological quality throughout the food web. The CLASSIC hydrological model, driven by output from the Hadley Centre climate model (HadCM3), based on IPCC low and high CO(2) emission(More)
This paper reviews current knowledge on sampling, storage and analysis of phosphorus (P) in river waters. Potential sensitivity of rivers with different physical, chemical and biological characteristics (trophic status, turbidity, flow regime, matrix chemistry) is examined in terms of errors associated with sampling, sample preparation, storage,(More)
The water quality of 13 rivers in the lowland, agricultural county of Suffolk is investigated using routine monitoring data for the period 1981 to 2006 collected by the Environment Agency of England and Wales (EA), and its predecessors, with particular emphasis on phosphorus (as total reactive phosphorus, TRP) and total (dissolved and particulate) oxidised(More)