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Production of prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) is enhanced during inflammation, and this lipid mediator can dramatically modulate immune responses. There are four receptors for PGE(2) (EP1-EP4) with unique patterns of expression and different coupling to intracellular signaling pathways. To identify the EP receptors that regulate cellular immune responses, we(More)
The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is a key regulator of vascular tone and blood pressure. In addition, angiotensin II also has a number of cellular effects that may contribute to disease pathogenesis. Using Agtr1a(-/-) mice, which lack AT(1A) receptors for angiotensin II, we have identified a novel function of the RAS to modulate the immune system. We find(More)
– In this paper, adaptive tracking control of an underactuated quadrotor is addressed. Position and yaw trajectory tracking is designed using state feedback control system and an integrator backstepping approach is applied to this coupled and cascaded dynamic system. The control design is further complicated by considering the parametric uncertainty of the(More)
The hallmark of acute allograft rejection is infiltration of the inflamed graft by circulating leukocytes. We studied the role of fractalkine (FKN) and its receptor, CX(3)CR1, in allograft rejection. FKN expression was negligible in nonrejecting cardiac isografts but was significantly enhanced in rejecting allografts. At early time points, FKN expression(More)
Allospecific CD8(+) T lymphocytes are an important component of the cellular response in allograft rejection. These cells recognize and engage MHC class I antigens, leading to allospecific cytolytic responses and graft rejection. In mouse kidney allografts that survive to 3 wk after transplantation, we noted that the majority of CD8(+) cells do not express(More)
Mice infected with Listeria monocytogenes (LM) generate H2-M3wt-restricted CD8 effectors which recognize a heat-killed LM-associated antigen (HAA) presented by macrophages. To characterize HAA, we extracted a bioactive component from LM using SDS or NaOH. Extracted HAA aggregated in hydrophilic solvents but dissociated in the presence of SDS into a smaller(More)
Mice infected with Listeria monocytogenes (LM) generate protective CD8 cells of varying specificity. One subset, unlike conventional LM-immune CD8 cells, can respond to antigen-presenting cells (APC) treated with heat-killed LM (HKLM). These cells proved to have surprisingly uniform specificity, recognizing a product we designated HKLM-associated antigen(More)
A subset of H2M3wt-restricted, Listeria monocytogenes (LM)-immune CD8 effectors recognize antigen-presenting cells (APC) preincubated with heat-killed LM. The responsible product, which we have previously designated heat-killed Listeria-associated antigen (HAA), is extremely hydrophobic and resistant to proteolytic degradation. Despite the protease(More)
To identify the role of donor class I alloantigens in regulating the CD8+ T cell response to a kidney allograft, we analyzed and compared the CD8+ infiltrate in kidney transplants from MHC class I-deficient (class I-) mouse donors and class I+ controls. One week after transplantation, there was a prominent CD8+ infiltrate in control allografts, whereas CD8+(More)
DNA is a complex macromolecule the immunological properties of which depend on short sequence motifs called CpG motifs or immunostimulatory sequences (ISS). These sequences are mitogenic for B cells and can stimulate macrophage cytokine production. While these sequences do not directly activate T cells, they can augment effects of stimulation via the TCR.(More)