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We have studied the mechanisms of auditory hair cell death after insults in vitro and in vivo. We show DNA fragmentation of hair cell nuclei after ototoxic drug and intense noise trauma. By using phospho-specific c-Jun-N-terminal kinase (JNK) and c-Jun antibodies in immunohistochemistry, we show that the JNK pathway, associated with stress, injury, and(More)
A series of 3,9 disubstituted [(alkylthio)methyl]- and (alkoxymethyl)-K-252a derivatives was synthesized with the aim of enhancing and separating the neurotrophic properties from the undesirable NGF (trk A kinase) and PKC inhibitory activities of K-252a. Data from this series reveal that substitution in the 3- and 9-positions of K-252a with these groups(More)
CEP-1347, also known as KT7515, a derivative of a natural product indolocarbazole, inhibited motor neuronal death in vitro, inhibited activation of the stress-activated kinase JNK1 (c-jun NH terminal kinase) in cultured spinal motor neurons, but had no effect on the mitogen-activated protein kinase ERK1 in these cells. Results reported here profile the(More)
We have identified a class of small organic molecules, derived from the indolocarbazole K-252a, that promote the survival of cultured neurons. However, many of these indolocarbazoles inhibit protein kinase C and neurotrophin-activated tyrosine kinase receptors. These kinase inhibitory activities may limit the utility of these compounds for neurological(More)
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