C. Michael Barton

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The tumour suppressor gene p53 has been found to be mutated or inactivated at high frequency in several common human tumours. We have examined a series of exocrine pancreatic carcinomas for over-expression of mutant forms of p53 by immunohistochemistry with a panel of specific antibodies. We found immunodetectable p53 in 13 of 22 (60%) frozen pancreatic(More)
Nerve cells have generally been assumed to have a diploid DNA content, typical of non-dividing somatic cells. However several reports have suggested that certain nerve cells types, notably Purkinje cells of the cerebellum, are polyploid. Other studies have contradicted these findings, stating Purkinje cells to be diploid. In this paper we reinvestigate the(More)
Agent-based modelling has become an increasingly important tool for scholars studying social and social-ecological systems, but there are no community standards on describing, implementing, testing and teaching these tools. This paper reports on the establishment of the Open Agent-Based Modelling Consortium, www.openabm.org, a community effort to foster the(More)
To date, many communities of practice (COP) in the social sciences have been struggling with how to deal with rapidly growing bodies of information. Many CoPs across broad disciplines have turned to community frameworks for complexity modeling (CFCMs) but this strategy has been slow to be discussed let alone adopted by the social sciences communities of(More)
Loss of the RB1 gene is an important event in the initiation and progression of many tumours. Prostate tissue from 43 patients with prostate cancers and ten with benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) were studied for loss of heterozygosity of the RB1 gene. Four intragenic polymorphic loci were studied with two techniques. These were restriction fragment length(More)
We have found that with accumulation of neuromelanin granules within cell bodies of neurones of the human substantia nigra there is a reduction in cytoplasmic RNA and a decrease in nucleolar volume. These observations imply a gradual decrease in the functional capacity of the cell such that eventually, the cell is unable to produce sufficient protein to(More)
Results of a cytophotometric study have shown a widespread reduction in cytoplasmic RNA of nerve cells. It appears, therefore, that although certain aspects of the symptomatology of senile dementia may be accounted for by lesions in particular anatomical sites, the main part of the neurological disturbance is related to more broadly based changes in nerve(More)
The complex interactions between social learning and biological change are key to understanding the human species and its origins. Yet paleoanthropological models often focus only on the evolution of the human genome and physical characters, while behavior is treated as an epiphenomenon of biological evolution. We present the results of a series of(More)