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An increased production of superoxide has been shown to mediate glutamate-induced neuron death. We monitored intracellular superoxide production of hippocampal neurons during and after exposure to the glutamate receptor agonist NMDA (300 microm). During a 30 min NMDA exposure, intracellular superoxide production increased significantly and remained elevated(More)
Primates that are identical in both nuclear and cytoplasmic components have not been produced by current cloning strategies, yet such identicals represent the ideal model for investigations of human diseases. Here, genetically identical nonhuman embryos were produced as twin and larger sets by separation and reaggregation of blastomeres of cleavage-stage(More)
Exposure of rat hippocampal neurons or human D283 medulloblastoma cells to the apoptosis-inducing kinase inhibitor staurosporine induced rapid cytochrome c release from mitochondria and activation of the executioner caspase-3. Measurements of cellular tetramethylrhodamine ethyl ester fluorescence and subsequent simulation of fluorescence changes based on(More)
Several aberrant chromosomal constellations are known in men. Of these the karyotype XXY (Klinefelter syndrome, KS) is the most common chromosomal disorder with a prevalence of about one in 800 live-born boys. KS is associated with hypogonadism and is suspected to cause variable physical, physiological and cognitive abnormalities. As a supernumerary X(More)
The dorsoventral polarity of unequally cleaving spiralian embryos becomes established at an early stage. The factors determining the position of the dorsoventral axis are still unknown. We present data showing that the sperm entry point (SEP) in both normal development and under experimental conditions determines the position of the first cleavage furrow in(More)
Neuron death in Alzheimer's disease is believed to be triggered by an increased production of amyloidogenic beta-amyloid peptides, involving both increased oxidative stress and activation of a conserved death program. Bcl-xL, an anti-apoptotic protein of the Bcl-2 family, is expressed at high levels in the adult nervous system. Exposure of neuronal cultures(More)
Assessment of learning ability in nonhuman primate (NHP) models is sometimes requested by regulatory authorities. The double choice object discrimination task using a Wisconsin General Testing Apparatus (WGTA) approach is typically being applied. In this study, the WGTA approach was performed on 66 juvenile cynomolgus monkeys aged 8-9 months in the predose(More)
In the marmoset monkey, the LHR type II, lacking exon 10, is the native receptor type. We characterised the LHR splicing pattern in marmoset testes and the adrenals during puberty and in pre- and postpubertal ovaries and quantified mRNA LHR expression in the testis. We detected 11 LHR splicing variants expressed at similar levels and generated by exon(More)
Disclosure statement: The authors of this manuscript have nothing to declare. "This is an un-copyedited author manuscript copyrighted by The Endocrine Society. This may not be duplicated or reproduced, other than for personal use or within the rule of " Fair Use of Copyrighted Materials " (section 107, Title 17, U.S. Code) without permission of the(More)
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