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Efficiencies of a nuclease resistant antisense oligonucleotide and of siRNA both being targeted against the green fluorescent protein stably expressed in HeLa cells are compared in cell cultures and in xenografted mice. Using Cytofectin GSV to deliver both inhibitors, the siRNAs appear to be quantitatively more efficient and its effect is lasting for a(More)
Overexpression of RhoA or RhoC in breast cancer indicates a poor prognosis, due to increased tumor cell proliferation and invasion and tumor-dependent angiogenesis. Until now, the strategy of blockage of the Rho-signaling pathway has used either GGTI or HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors, but they are not specific to RhoA or RhoC inhibition. In this study, a new(More)
Sequence-specific interactions of 20-mer G,A-containing triple helix-forming oligonucleotides (TFOs) and bis-PNAs (peptide nucleic acids) with double-stranded DNA was visualized by electron (EM) and atomic force (AFM) microscopies. Triplexes formed by biotinylated TFOs are easily detected by both EM and AFM in which streptavidin is a marker. AFM images of(More)
The success of the application of new therapeutic methods based on RNA interfering strategies requires the in vivo delivery of active ODN or siRNA down to the intracellular compartment of the target cells. This article aims to review the studies related to the formulation of RNA interfering agents in polymer nanocarriers. It will present the different types(More)
Overexpression of RhoA in cancer indicates a poor prognosis, because of increased tumor cell proliferation and invasion and tumor angiogenesis. We showed previously that anti-RhoA small interfering RNA (siRNA) inhibited aggressive breast cancer more effectively than conventional blockers of Rho-mediated signaling pathways. This study reports the efficacy(More)
Retroviruses present multiple RNA targets for antisense oligonucleotides. An oligodesoxyribonucleotide (15 mer) complementary to the region of the initiation codon AUG of the env gene mRNA of Friend retrovirus was an inhibitor of the translation of Env protein in vitro. No effect was observed on cells infected with Friend retrovirus. We observed that these(More)
Antisense oligonucleotides with base sequences complementary to a specific RNA can, after binding to intracellular mRNA, selectively modulate the expression of a gene. However, these molecules are poorly stable in biological fluids and are characterized by a low intracellular penetration. In view of using oligonucleotides as active molecules, the(More)
Peptide nucleic acids (PNA) are promising antisense molecule for blocking gene expression in cell culture or in vivo. Nevertheless because they are poor efficient to pass the cellular membrane, it is necessary to use a vectorisation agent to observe an inhibitory effect. We describe the coupling of the rhodamine labeled 17-mer antisense PNA to a fusogenic(More)
Delivery is a very important concern for therapeutic applications of siRNA. In this study, we have used chitosan-coated poly(isobutylcyanoacrylate) nanoparticles to deliver siRNA with a complementary sequence to the fusion oncogene ret/PTC1. By screening the mRNA junction we have selected a potent siRNA sequence able to inhibit this oncogene in a model of(More)
The influence of the secondary structure of oligonucleotides having a natural phosphodiester backbone on their ability to interact with DNA and RNA targets and on their resistance to the nucleolytic digestion is investigated. Oligonucleotides having hairpin, looped and snail-like structure are found to be much more stable to nuclease degradation in(More)