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Sequence-specific interactions of 20-mer G,A-containing triple helix-forming oligonucleotides (TFOs) and bis-PNAs (peptide nucleic acids) with double-stranded DNA was visualized by electron (EM) and atomic force (AFM) microscopies. Triplexes formed by biotinylated TFOs are easily detected by both EM and AFM in which streptavidin is a marker. AFM images of(More)
The EWS-Fli1 fusion gene encodes for a chimeric oncogenic transcription factor considered to be the cause of the Ewing sarcoma. The efficiency of small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) targeted toward the EWS-Fli1 transcript (at the junction point type 1) was studied, free or encapsulated into recently developed polyisobutylcyanoacrylate aqueous core nanocapsules.(More)
The ability of diamond nanoparticles (nanodiamonds, NDs) to deliver small interfering RNA (siRNA) into Ewing sarcoma cells is investigated with a view to the possibility of in-vivo anticancer nucleic-acid drug delivery. siRNA is adsorbed onto NDs that are coated with cationic polymer. Cell uptake of NDs is demonstrated by taking advantage of the NDs'(More)
The genetic hallmark of the Ewing sarcoma family of tumours (ESFT) is the presence of the t(11;22)(q24;q12) translocation, present in up to 85% of cases of ESFT, which creates the EWS/FLI1 fusion gene and results in the expression of a chimeric protein regulating many other genes. The inhibition of this protein by antisense strategies has shown its(More)
Delivery is a very important concern for therapeutic applications of siRNA. In this study, we have used chitosan-coated poly(isobutylcyanoacrylate) nanoparticles to deliver siRNA with a complementary sequence to the fusion oncogene ret/PTC1. By screening the mRNA junction we have selected a potent siRNA sequence able to inhibit this oncogene in a model of(More)
The cytogenetic abnormality of Ewing's sarcoma is related to the presence of a balanced t(11;22) translocation expressing the EWS-Fli1 chimeric fusion protein. Oligonucleotides (ODNs) are specific compounds that inhibit gene expression at the transcriptional level. They possess a poor bioavailability and are degraded by nucleases very rapidly. Therefore,(More)
The EWS/FLI-1 fusion gene, resulting from a t(11;22) translocation, plays a key role in the pathogenesis of Ewing sarcoma. Previously, we have shown that antisense oligonucleotides designed against EWS-Fli-1 inhibited tumor growth in nude mice provided they were delivered intratumorally by nanocapsules or by CTAB-coated nanospheres. In this study, we have(More)
Small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) are powerful tools commonly used for the specific inhibition of gene expression. However, vectorization is required to facilitate cell penetration and to prevent siRNA degradation by nucleases. We have shown that diamond nanocrystals coated with cationic polymer can be used to carry siRNAs into Ewing sarcoma cells, in which(More)
In this work we selected double-stranded DNA sequences capable of forming stable triplexes at 20 or 50 degrees C with corresponding 13mer purine oligonucleotides. This selection was obtained by a double aptamer approach where both the starting sequences of the oligonucleotides and the target DNA duplex were random. The results of selection were confirmed by(More)
Triplex-forming oligonucleotides (TFOs) are generally designed to inhibit transcription or DNA replication but can be used for more diverse purposes. Here we have designed a hairpin-TFO able to recruit transcription factors to a target DNA. The designed oligonucleotide contains a triplex-forming sequence, linked through a nucleotide loop to a(More)