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Efficiencies of a nuclease resistant antisense oligonucleotide and of siRNA both being targeted against the green fluorescent protein stably expressed in HeLa cells are compared in cell cultures and in xenografted mice. Using Cytofectin GSV to deliver both inhibitors, the siRNAs appear to be quantitatively more efficient and its effect is lasting for a(More)
EWS Fli-1, a fusion gene resulting from a t(11;22) translocation is found in 90% of both Ewing's sarcoma and primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET). In the present study, we show that recently developed polyisobutylcyanoacrylate nanocapsules with an aqueous core were able to encapsulate efficiently high amounts of phosphorothioate oligonucleotides (ODN)(More)
Antisense oligonucleotides with base sequences complementary to a specific RNA can, after binding to intracellular mRNA, selectively modulate the expression of a gene. However, these molecules are poorly stable in biological fluids and are characterized by a low intracellular penetration. In view of using oligonucleotides as active molecules, the(More)
Overexpression of RhoA or RhoC in breast cancer indicates a poor prognosis, due to increased tumor cell proliferation and invasion and tumor-dependent angiogenesis. Until now, the strategy of blockage of the Rho-signaling pathway has used either GGTI or HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors, but they are not specific to RhoA or RhoC inhibition. In this study, a new(More)
Overexpression of RhoA in cancer indicates a poor prognosis, because of increased tumor cell proliferation and invasion and tumor angiogenesis. We showed previously that anti-RhoA small interfering RNA (siRNA) inhibited aggressive breast cancer more effectively than conventional blockers of Rho-mediated signaling pathways. This study reports the efficacy(More)
Retroviruses present multiple RNA targets for antisense oligonucleotides. An oligodesoxyribonucleotide (15 mer) complementary to the region of the initiation codon AUG of the env gene mRNA of Friend retrovirus was an inhibitor of the translation of Env protein in vitro. No effect was observed on cells infected with Friend retrovirus. We observed that these(More)
The EWS–Fli1 fusion gene encodes for a chimeric oncogenic transcription factor considered to be the cause of the Ewing sarcoma. The efficiency of small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) targeted toward the EWS–Fli1 transcript (at the junction point type 1) was studied, free or encapsulated into recently developed polyisobutylcyanoacrylate aqueous core nanocapsules.(More)
The EWS/FLI-1 fusion gene, resulting from a t(11;22) translocation, plays a key role in the pathogenesis of Ewing sarcoma. Previously, we have shown that antisense oligonucleotides designed against EWS-Fli-1 inhibited tumor growth in nude mice provided they were delivered intratumorally by nanocapsules or by CTAB-coated nanospheres. In this study, we have(More)
The influence of the secondary structure of oligonucleotides having a natural phosphodiester backbone on their ability to interact with DNA and RNA targets and on their resistance to the nucleolytic digestion is investigated. Oligonucleotides having hairpin, looped and snail-like structure are found to be much more stable to nuclease degradation in(More)
Sequence-specific interactions of 20-mer G,A-containing triple helix-forming oligonucleotides (TFOs) and bis-PNAs (peptide nucleic acids) with double-stranded DNA was visualized by electron (EM) and atomic force (AFM) microscopies. Triplexes formed by biotinylated TFOs are easily detected by both EM and AFM in which streptavidin is a marker. AFM images of(More)