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Apoptosis is important in the pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Several genome-wide scan studies have suggested chromosome 1q as a genetic susceptibility locus for SLE. This study investigated the association of apoptosis-related genes on chromosome 1q, Fas ligand (FasL), interleukin (IL)-10 and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), promoter(More)
Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection patients exhibit different sustained virological responses (SVRs) following the treatment with pegylated interferon-α (IFN-α) and ribavirin. Genome-wide association studies consistently linked SVR of IFN-α-based therapy to the IL28B single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on chromosome 19q.13 in various populations.(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether the distribution of Fcgamma receptor IIa, IIIa, and IIIb polymorphisms confers a risk factor for disease susceptibility, and correlates with the clinical characteristics and serological parameters of patients with SLE in Taiwan. METHODS Genotyping of Fcgamma receptors IIa H/R131, IIIa F/V158, and IIIb NA1/NA2 was performed(More)
BACKGROUND Oropharyngeal dysphagia is common after a stroke. Understanding the physiology of swallowing and its coordination with respiration in stroke recovery is crucially important. METHODS A non-invasive swallowing assessment method was used to detect oropharyngeal swallowing and respiration coordination simultaneously during the swallowing process.(More)
Hepatitis A virus (HAV) is the most common food-borne hepatitis in the world. The study objectives were (i) to describe the epidemiology of HAV-related hospitalizations during 1997-2011 in Taiwan, (ii) to examine the age effect on the length of stay (LOS) in hospital and (iii) to study the factors associated with death. The hospitalized cases were(More)
Fcgamma receptors (FcgammaR) impact upon the development of inflammatory arthritis through immune complex stimulation and proinflammatory cytokine production. FcgammaRIIa, FcgammaRIotaIotaIotaa and FcRgammaIIIb polymorphisms were genotyped in 212 rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and 371 healthy control subjects using an allelic-specific polymerase chain(More)
Pneumonia is a common cause of hospitalization and is associated with high morbidity in children. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and Interleukin-6 (IL-6) are primary mediators of inflammation, and have been implicated in a large number of infectious and non-infectious inflammatory diseases. The serum concentrations of TNF-alpha and IL-6 were(More)
Objective: To determine whether the distribution of Fcc receptor IIa, IIIa, and IIIb polymorphisms confers a risk factor for disease susceptibility, and correlates with the clinical characteristics and serological parameters of patients with SLE in Taiwan. Methods: Genotyping of Fcc receptors IIa H/R131, IIIa F/ V158, and IIIb NA1/NA2 was performed in 302(More)
This study investigated the effect of using small interfering RNA (siRNA) to silence the wild-type FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) gene in acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) cells, in vitro and in vivo. FLT3 siRNA was introduced into the human AML cell line, THP1, and into a THP1 xenograft tumour model in BALB/c nude mice. FLT3 siRNA effectively reduced both(More)
The aim of the current study was to determine whether the FcγRIIb 187-Ile/Thr polymorphism is a predisposition factor for subtypes of RA defined by disease severity and production of autoantibodies against cyclic citrullinated peptides (anti-CCPs) in Taiwanese RA patients. Genotype distributions and allele frequencies of FcγRIIb 187-Ile/Thr were compared(More)