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To investigate effects of pre-slaughter handling on blood and muscle biochemistry and venison quality, paddock-shot (n=8) and commercially slaughtered red deer (n=8) were compared. The deer were kept in two larger groups. One stag per group per day was head-shot, exsanguinated, electrically stimulated then transported 150 m to a deer slaughter premises(More)
The fat-free carcass weight of the obese mouse (ob/ob) is generally less than that of wild-type siblings. The aim of this investigation was to examine the effect of obesity on muscle weights and histochemistry and to determine whether any effects could be eliminated when the obesity was largely prevented or reduced by limiting food intake. For 5 muscles(More)
The Snell dwarf mouse exhibits impaired growth of the anterior pituitary resulting in reduced levels of growth hormone and thyroid stimulating hormone. Ten dwarf mice and 10 phenotypically normal littermates were killed at 33 days of age. M. biceps brachii (a predominantly fast muscle) and m. soleus (a relatively slow muscle) were removed from each animal(More)
Measurements were made of cytochrome c oxidase activity and the GDP-binding capacity of mitochondria in brown adipose tissue of genetically obese mice and wild-type siblings, to estimate the thermogenic capacity of the tissue. The binding capacity was decreased in ad libitum fed obese animals compared with wild-type animals. Limited feeding of obese animals(More)
Increased dietary intake of cholesterol has been found to lead to increased bile acid synthesis in rats in vivo (Wilson, 1964; Beher et al., 1970; Raicht et ul., 1975; Mathe & Chevallier, 1970). Hepatocytes isolated from cholesterol-fed rats and incubated in suspension, however, do not produce significantly more bile acid than cells from control animals(More)
Guar bread rolls were prepared in the hospital diet kitchen from a recipe developed in the Food Science Department of Queen Elizabeth College, using a bread mix to which was added 30 g of guar gum (French, 1982). Four bread rolls per day provided 15 g guar. The dose can be varied as required. The method was satisfactory for home baking providing a regular(More)
Bile acid synthesis in isolated hepatocytes prepared from rats given 1% cholesterol in the diet and incubated for 1 h in suspension was not increased compared to that in cells from control rats. When the hepatocytes were maintained in monolayer culture for 24 h, however, increased production of bile acid (X2.5) was observed in the cholesterol-fed group. The(More)
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