Learn More
The Kell blood group is a major antigenic system in human erythrocytes. Kell antigens reside on a 93-kDa membrane glycoprotein that is surface-exposed and associated with the underlying cytoskeleton. We isolated tryptic peptides and, based on the amino acid sequence of one of the peptides and by using the PCR, prepared a specific oligonucleotide to screen a(More)
A disulfide bond links Kell and XK red cell membrane proteins. Kell, a type II membrane glycoprotein, carries over 20 blood group antigens, and XK, which spans the membrane 10 times, is lacking in rare individuals with the McLeod syndrome. Kell is classified in the neprilysin family of zinc endopeptidases, and XK has structural features that suggest it is a(More)
Kell blood group protein shares a consensus sequence (H.E.X.X.H) with a large family of zinc-dependent endopeptidases. Kell has closest homology with neutral endopeptidase 24.11, endothelin converting enzyme-1 (ECE-1), and the PEX gene product that, as a group, comprise the M13 subfamily of mammalian neutral endopeptidases. The proteolytic activity of the(More)
The McLeod phenotype is an X-linked, recessive disorder in which the red blood cells demonstrate acanthocytic morphology and weakened antigenicity in the Kell blood group system. The phenotype is associated with a reduction of in vivo red cell survival, but the permanent hemolytic state is usually compensated by erythropoietic hyperplasia. The McLeod(More)
The Kell blood group is one of the major antigenic systems in human red blood cells. To determine the location of the Kell gene on human chromosomes, panels containing genomic DNA of human-hamster somatic cell hybrids were hybridized with radiolabeled cDNA probe specific for the Kell locus. Only the samples containing DNA from chromosome 7 gave positive(More)
K1 (K, Kell) is a strong immunogen; its antibodies can cause severe reactions if incompatible blood is transfused and may cause hemolytic disease of the newborn in sensitized mothers. K1 is a member of the Kell blood group system, which is complex, containing over 20 different antigens. Some of the antigens are organized in allelic pairs of high and low(More)
Kell, a 93 kDa type II membrane glycoprotein, and XK, a 444 amino acid multi-pass membrane protein, are blood group proteins that exist as a disulfide-bonded complex on human red cells. The mechanism of Kell/XK assembly was studied in transfected COS cells co-expressing Kell and XK proteins. Time course studies combined with endonuclease-H treatment and(More)
McLeod phenotype red cells of the Kell blood group system have acanthocytic morphology and reduced in vivo survival. The phenotype has an X-linked mode of inheritance and is found in some males who have no abnormality of leukocyte function and in some who have X-linked chronic granulomatous disease (CGD). We now describe an association between the McLeod(More)