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Cannabinoid receptor (CB1) agonists strongly inhibit behavioral responses to acute noxious stimuli, but their effects on behavioral responses in persistent pain states are less clear. Here, we examined the effects of intrathecal (i.t.) administration of a CB1 agonist, WIN55,212-2, on mechanical allodynia (decreased withdrawal threshold) produced by(More)
Although many pharmacological studies indicate that bulbospinal noradrenergic projections contribute to antinociception, lesions of the major brainstem noradrenergic cell groups have provided conflicting evidence. Here we used a new immunotoxin, anti-dopamine beta-hydroxylase-saporin, to re-examine the contribution of noradrenergic pathways to nociception(More)
OBJECTIVES This purpose of this study was to examine clinical-pathologic factors--particularly smoking and brain metastases--in EGFR mutation positive (M(+)) lung adenocarcinoma (ADC) to determine their impact on survival in patients treated with first line EGFR TKI. METHODS A retrospective review of EGFR mutation reflex testing experience for all ADC(More)
Guidewire retention is a severe but preventable complication from central venous catheter (CVC) insertion. There were three cases of guidewire retention during CVC insertion in the medical intensive care unit (MICU) in Singapore General Hospital, in the period between December 2011 and February 2012. The primary objective of this quality improvement project(More)
The burden of disease associated with Streptococcus pneumoniae infection in adults can be considerable but is largely preventable through routine vaccination. Although substantial progress has been made with the recent licensure of the new vaccines for prevention of pneumonia in adults, vaccine uptake rates need to be improved significantly to tackle adult(More)
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