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Cannabinoid receptor (CB1) agonists strongly inhibit behavioral responses to acute noxious stimuli, but their effects on behavioral responses in persistent pain states are less clear. Here, we examined the effects of intrathecal (i.t.) administration of a CB1 agonist, WIN55,212-2, on mechanical allodynia (decreased withdrawal threshold) produced by(More)
Although many pharmacological studies indicate that bulbospinal noradrenergic projections contribute to antinociception, lesions of the major brainstem noradrenergic cell groups have provided conflicting evidence. Here we used a new immunotoxin, anti-dopamine beta-hydroxylase-saporin, to re-examine the contribution of noradrenergic pathways to nociception(More)
This article describes the development and validation of the Race-Related Stressor Scale (RRSS), a questionnaire that assesses exposure to race-related stressors in the military and war zone. Validated on a sample of 300 Asian American Vietnam veterans, the RRSS has high internal consistency and adequate temporal stability. Hierarchical regression analyses(More)
Guidewire retention is a severe but preventable complication from central venous catheter (CVC) insertion. There were three cases of guidewire retention during CVC insertion in the medical intensive care unit (MICU) in Singapore General Hospital, in the period between December 2011 and February 2012. The primary objective of this quality improvement project(More)
OBJECTIVES This purpose of this study was to examine clinical-pathologic factors--particularly smoking and brain metastases--in EGFR mutation positive (M(+)) lung adenocarcinoma (ADC) to determine their impact on survival in patients treated with first line EGFR TKI. METHODS A retrospective review of EGFR mutation reflex testing experience for all ADC(More)
The burden of disease associated with Streptococcus pneumoniae infection in adults can be considerable but is largely preventable through routine vaccination. Although substantial progress has been made with the recent licensure of the new vaccines for prevention of pneumonia in adults, vaccine uptake rates need to be improved significantly to tackle adult(More)
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