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Cannabinoid receptor (CB1) agonists strongly inhibit behavioral responses to acute noxious stimuli, but their effects on behavioral responses in persistent pain states are less clear. Here, we examined the effects of intrathecal (i.t.) administration of a CB1 agonist, WIN55,212-2, on mechanical allodynia (decreased withdrawal threshold) produced by(More)
Although many pharmacological studies indicate that bulbospinal noradrenergic projections contribute to antinociception, lesions of the major brainstem noradrenergic cell groups have provided conflicting evidence. Here we used a new immunotoxin, anti-dopamine beta-hydroxylase-saporin, to re-examine the contribution of noradrenergic pathways to nociception(More)
Doripenem is approved in the Asia-Pacific (APAC) region for treating nosocomial pneumonia (NP) including ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), complicated intra-abdominal infections (cIAIs) and complicated urinary tract infections (cUTIs). Clinical usage of doripenem (500mg intravenously, infused over 1h or 4h every 8h for 5-14 days) in APAC was evaluated(More)
AIM To examine the clinical characteristics and outcomes of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) in Singapore. METHODS AND MATERIALS A retrospective case note review of patients diagnosed with MPM between 1997 and 2007. Overall survival (OS), locoregional recurrence-free survival (LRS) and metastasis-free survival (MFS) were estimated using Kaplan Meier(More)
OBJECTIVE Normative data for cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) may vary among subjects of different races. The objectives of the present study were to: (i) establish normal standards for cardiopulmonary responses during incremental cycle ergometer testing in order to derive predictive equations for clinically useful variables during CPET of Chinese(More)
Two previously conducted clinical studies assessed lost nonworkplace activity time and lost workplace productivity time due to migraine symptoms in subjects using sumatriptan for 6 months to treat their migraines after a 12- to 18-week period of using their usual therapy without sumatriptan. Although statistically significant differences in lost(More)
OBJECTIVES This purpose of this study was to examine clinical-pathologic factors--particularly smoking and brain metastases--in EGFR mutation positive (M(+)) lung adenocarcinoma (ADC) to determine their impact on survival in patients treated with first line EGFR TKI. METHODS A retrospective review of EGFR mutation reflex testing experience for all ADC(More)
Tracheobronchial foreign body is rare in adults. Diagnosis is difficult and requires a high index of suspicion. We report 6 cases of tracheobronchial foreign bodies in adults and their removal, as well as a literature review of this topic. Case records, chest radiographs and computed tomographies (CT) of the thorax were reviewed. There were 5 males and 1(More)
We report the first case of massive hemorrhage after argon plasma coagulation of an endobronchial tumor that obstructed the right main bronchus. This is the first report of bleeding complication with argon plasma coagulation while attempting to remove the tumor. The patient was successfully resuscitated and discharged without sequelae.